This article is devoted to the analysis of the relationship between the formation of subcultures and the flexible identity of South Korean people, which was formed under the influence of modernization and globalization while maintaining the Confucian core of national culture.
The special Confucian type of social structure of Korea, developed from the Middle Ages to the present, recognizes the presence of various, sometimes conflicting trends, requiring alternative functioning of cultural filters and mentality, which is favorable soil for the emergence of a large number of groups with different lifestyles and values.
In the 1960s in South Korea modernization began which took place on the surface type that is without preparing the basis for such kind of transformation. The rigidity of the political regime within the country, as well as following the political and economic course of the United States and the final rejection of the search for attempts to unite the Korean Peninsula against the background of superficial reform, led to the emergence of a large number of student movements for democracy, reunification and preservation of national specificity. It is in the midst of student movements of 1960-1980s for democratic transformations new subcultures and movements were born.
Depending on the symbolism in South Korean society, nowadays one can distinguish subcultures of K-pop fans, underground and hippie, oljang, clubbers, whose members within groups have similar characteristics - a common language, communication network, personal connections, superficial acquaintances, general norms and values, behavior models and forms of relationships. In the long run, Koreans will continue to actively perceive new ideas and patterns, skillfully integrating them into their culture and monetizing them.
The prospects of various interdisciplinary researches, the problem of the unity of scientific knowledge, the possibility of translating methods from one discipline to another, the impact of digitalization on various fields of scientific knowledge, the acceptability of general approaches to science management, in particular, to the evaluation of scientific productivity are debated in the discussion on the limits of methodological convergence of natural-scientific and social-humanitarian knowledge. The debaters Н.N. Knyazeva, G.L. Tulchinsky, V.G. Kuznetsov and N.M. Smirnova comment on each other’s positions, point out the strengths and weaknesses in proponents’ justification, agree on a number of issues, and indicate the main theses and arguments for each position, groping for prospects for further development of the discussed issues.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.