The Impact of Horizontal Job-Education Mismatches on the Earnings of Recent University Graduates in Russia
Discussion Paper. IZA DP. Institute for the Study of Labor , 2019. No. 12407.
This paper analyses the determinants and consequences of horizontal job-education mismatches, an increasingly relevant topic in debates about education and labour markets. This issue reflects the articulation of educational fields and occupations in the labour market. We evaluate the determinants of job-education mismatches and their impact on salaries of university graduates using comprehensive and representative national data for Russia. The study is based in graduates’ assessment and statistical analyses. We find that one-third of graduates in Russia work in a job that is not related to their field of study. Moreover, graduates from fields that either generate more general human capital (social sciences, business, law, services) or where low pay is common (agriculture) are more likely to be in that situation. On the contrary, graduates from fields that generate specific human capital (e.g.: medicine) are considerably more likely to be matched. We find that mismatches negatively affect the earnings of university graduates and the higher the degree of mismatch, the higher the penalty for the mismatch. The study depicts that mismatch is penalized in the majority of fields except for low-paid ones (e.g.: agriculture).
, Вопросы образования 2016 № 4 С. 123-143
In this paper, we analyze the participation rates of Russian workers in continuing professional education (CPE) using Rosstat data and sociological surveys, including the 2014 and 2015 Eurobarometer in Russia. We reveal considerable differences in the percentages of workers covered by C PE across age cohorts, personnel categories, and, especially, industries. Our analysis shows that formalized CPE norms and standards in such industries as ...
Added: November 5, 2020
, Экономика труда 2019 Т. 6 № 2 С. 647-658
Competitiveness is the ability of a person or group of people to win competition for economic benefits. Human capital is the ability to generate income embodied in man. One should distinguish between the competitiveness of the human capital of an employee and the competitiveness of the employee on the labor market. The first is related ...
Added: July 3, 2019
, Oxford Economic Papers 2020 Vol. 72 No. 3 P. 633-650
This article analyzes the effect of public policy intervention in the production of health capital on fertility, private investment in children’s health and education and human capital accumulation. I have used a growth model with endogenous fertility, in which the usual parental trade-off between the quantity and quality of their children is augmented with an ...
Added: July 20, 2020
, , et al., IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) 2020 No. 862 P. 062029
The presented study is devoted to the issues of industrial safety of workers employed in harmful and hazardous working conditions in the Russian electric power complex. Because of the analysis, it was revealed that about a third of the employees of the electric power complex are employed in harmful and dangerous working conditions, and the ...
Added: October 14, 2020
Интеграция организаций высшего образования для решения задач социально-экономического развития регионов
, , , Экономика региона 2020 Т. 16 № 4 С. 1147-1161
Recently, the topic of regional development has become particularly relevant since regions are gaining more and more autonomy in solving their socio-economic issues. This transformation results in the concern of how to find potential partners for building a regional development strategy, sharing resources and competencies. In this context, it is advisable to consider universities as a significant potential ...
Added: November 14, 2019
, Современная Европа 2019 № 6 С. 149-160
The article examines the causes of the aggravation of the problems of cross-border migration, as well as the impact of migration flows on the competitiveness of host countries and their positions in the changing environment of the world economy. The contradiction that needs to be studied is that, in many respects, contrary to popular theoretical ...
Added: September 23, 2019
Эколого-экономическое моделирование влияния окружающей среды на заболеваемость подрастающего поколения на примере Нижегородской области
, , et al., Электронный научный журнал "Социальные аспекты здоровья населения" 2018 Т. 2 № 60 С. 1-15
The younger generation is the demographic, socio-economic and labor potential of the society. Quality of labor resources directly depends upon health status of this population group and is one of the most important components of the country's resource potential. In this regard, a thorough analysis of the pediatric health status determinants is a topical issue. Currently, ...
Added: May 28, 2018
, Вестник Института социологии 2018 № 24 С. 76-94
This article examines peculiarities when it comes to the distribution of economic statuses among the working population of Russia, as well as the interconnections of said statuses with various factors which affect an individual’s economic prosperity. Presented is a method for structuring a certain index, the purpose of which is to measure objective parameters of ...
Added: March 30, 2018
, IZA World of Labor, Germany 2019 No. 466 P. 1-13
Being the largest economy in the Eurasian region, Russia’s labor market affects economic performance and well-being in several former Soviet countries. Over the period 2000–2017, the Russian labor market survived several deep crises and underwent substantial structural changes. Major shocks were absorbed largely via wage adjustments, while aggregate employment and unemployment showed little sensitivity. Workers ...
Added: September 15, 2019
, , Экономическая социология 2021 Т. 22 № 2 С. 81-108
The goal of the paper is to identify the relationship between participation in professional training financed by the employer and its non-economic effects: subjective control and job satisfaction (including satisfaction with pay and with professional growth opportunities). According to the human capital theory, par- ticipation in professional training accumulates both specific and general hu- man ...
Added: March 31, 2021
An assessment of regional innovation system efficiency in Russia: the application of the DEA approach
, , Scientometrics 2019 Vol. 120 No. 2 P. 375-404
The main aim of this study is to compare Russian regions according to their ability to create new technologies efficiently and to identify factors that determine these differences over a long period of time. We apply data envelopment analysis (DEA) to assess the relationship between the results of patenting and resources of a regional innovation ...
Added: March 19, 2018
, , , М.: НИУ ВШЭ, 2021
The report presents the state of the international discussion of professional skills assessment and approaches to the measurement of specific human capital. There are analyzed both academic papers and influential expert reports, as well as the field of practical solutions to professional skills measurement. The report reviews traditional and emerging digital approaches to professional skills ...
Added: August 10, 2021
Является ли внешняя трудовая миграция фактором экономического роста: Эконометрический анализ и выводы для стран СНГ
, , Журнал Новой экономической ассоциации 2015 Т. 4 № 28 С. 142-166
Recent intensification of CIS countries instability has led to an intensification of migration flows in the post-soviet space. By providing multidirectional impact on the various growth factors, migration may both accelerate the development of specific countries and slow it down. The paper determines the issue of receiving higher benefit from these processes – either labor-exporting ...
Added: November 26, 2018
, , , Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2017 Т. 21 № 4 С. 533-561
This article offers a new approach to growth accounting in Russia, identifying fundamental and cyclical components, including capacity utilisation and the employment level. A detailed decomposition of the labour contribution to growth is conducted to identify demographic effects. A modified index of human capital is developed that considers the impact on GDP of educational attainment ...
Added: December 1, 2017
, , , Вестник Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований. Гуманитарные и общественные науки 2019 № 4 С. 39-47
The common indicators of the human capital of Russian blue collars are typical for the post-Soviet countries but are highly dispersed by age groups, industries, and types of settlement. Still, these indicators are very low for 75% of Russian blue collars, while the rest have quite high-quality human capital and constitute a talent pool for ...
Added: November 8, 2020
, The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies 2017 Vol. 12 P. 79-100
The present paper exploits new headwinds blowing against the post-transition of Russia. It is argued that the new goal for Russia is an effective transition to a post-industrial stage of development. The author considers five main frontiers that challenge the successful achievement of this goal: 1) over-education and low investment in training, 2) poverty of ...
Added: December 29, 2017
, , Policy Futures in Education 2022 Vol. 20 No. 2 P. 201-214
Over the last two decades, increasing participation rates in post-secondary education in many countries have been accompanied by decreases in aggregate economic growth and raising social tensions. It is obvious now that education does not ‘automatically’ produce more well-being (at least, if conventionally measured through income or gross domestic product) either for the individual or ...
Added: August 8, 2021
, Труды Института системного анализа Российской академии наук 2018 Т. 68 № 2 С. 34-37
The article describes modeling process and features of human capital as an input in postindustrial economy. We propose methods for human capital structure modeling in the short and long term, including the mechanisms of investment and transfer of human capital between time periods. A generalized structure of the human capital model is described along with ...
Added: August 2, 2018
Minorities, Human Capital and Long-Run Development: Persistence of Armenian and Greek Influence in Turkey
, Minorities, Human Capital and Long-Run Development: Persistence of Armenian and Greek Influence in Turkey / . 2016.
We study the long-term economic legacy of highly-skilled minorities a century after their wholesale expulsion. Using mass expulsions of Armenian and Greek communities of the Ottoman Empire in the early 20th century as a unique natural experiment of history, we show that districts with greater presence of Armenian and Greek minorities at the end of ...
Added: June 12, 2018
, , et al., Вопросы экономики 2019 № 10 С. 64-84
This paper is devoted to the analysis of the main factors of economic growth stability of Georgia persistent during the last 30 years of the country’s development. Exceptional gravity of the crisis in the beginning of market transformation of Georgia in 1980—1990 as well as the success of market reforms is discussed. The article also ...
Added: October 22, 2019
, Прикладная эконометрика 2020 Т. 60 С. 115-138
This study aims to examine how Russian adults make their choices about expenditures on non-professional sports to improve their health. The data was taken from Levada-Center survey on the attitude of people to their health and the quality of medical care in Russia, conducted in 2017. Probabilistic models of binary choice, Heckman selection model and ...
Added: October 2, 2020
, Региональная экономика: теория и практика 2018 Т. 16 № 11 С. 2015-2033
Subject The article considers the issues related to informatization and digitalization in the Russian regions. Objectives The focus is on a comprehensive study of information technology penetration in Russian regions, state-of-the-art analysis and proposals for further development of informatization. Methods I apply the methods of systems, comparative, logical, and statistical analyses. Results The paper provides ...
Added: November 27, 2018
, , Управление экономическими системами: электронный научный журнал 2017 № 10 (104) С. 40-55
The article proposes the structure of human capital according to the levels of aggregation and the classification of its innovative components.The problems of their development in Russian economy are analyzed. The authors formulated the concept of such components, the classification of which is offered as the complementation to the already existing classification of human capital ...
Added: December 7, 2017
От человеческого капитала к идентификации человека. К вопросу об создании моделей поведения человека в науках об обществе
, Вопросы философии 2019 № 2
Article is devoted to the comparative analysis of some models of Human in social sciences. Creation of such models in economy and sociology is constant in all the time of their existence. This reseach interest is not abstract and motivated with the order to predict the consumer preferences of the person. Evolution of the ideas ...
Added: August 1, 2018