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Regular version of the site

Working paper

Packing of Circles on Square Flat Torus as Global Optimization of Mixed Integer Nonlinear problem

math. arxive. Cornell University, 2018. No. 1809.10525.
Smirnov Sergey A., Voloshinov V. V.
The article demonstrates rather general approach to problems of discrete geometry: treat them as global optimization problems to be solved by one of general purpose solver implementing branch-and-bound algorithm (B&B). This approach may be used for various types of problems, i.e. Tammes problems, Thomson problems, search of minimal potential energy of micro-clusters, etc. Here we consider a problem of densest packing of equal circles in special geometrical object, so called square flat torus ℝ2/ℤ2 with the induced metric. It is formulated as Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Problem with linear and non-convex quadratic constraints.  The open-source B&B-solver SCIP, this http URL, and its parallel implementation ParaSCIP, this http URL, had been used in computing experiments to find "very good" approximations of optimal arrangements. The main result is a confirmation of the conjecture on optimal packing for N=9 that was published in 2012 by O. Musin and A. Nikitenko. To do that, ParaSCIP took about 2000 CPU*hours (16 hours x 128 CPUs) of cluster HPC4/HPC5, National Research Centre "Kurchatov Institute", this http URL