Least unmatched price auctions: A first approach
The brief history of the development of investigations at the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University (SINP MSU) in the field of space materials science is outlined. A generalized scheme of a numerical simulation of the radiation impact on spacecraft materials and elements of spacecraft equipment is examined. The results obtained by solving some of the most important problems that modern space materials science should address in studying nuclear processes, the interaction of charged particles with matter, particle detection, the protection from ionizing radiation, and the impact of particles on nanostructures and nanomaterials are presented.
The article examines the phenomenon of excessive online gaming, in particular, the massively multiplayer online role-playing games addiction (MMORPG addiction). The author distinguishes between two notions – dependence and excessive dedication. The article poses questions concerning the impact of excessive online gaming on social skills and intensity of communications between the gamers. Based on the foreign literature analysis the study describes such concepts as game, game addiction, gaming dedication, social capital, social skills, and intensity of communications between gamers. The paper also contains results of empirical study conducted among 479 users of multiplayer online games who took part in online survey. The authors use logic and simple linear regression in the study. The findings show that excessive online gaming has a bad effect on the intensiveness of communications; however, there is also a positive impact on social skills. These results differ from those obtained by foreign colleagues who record exceptionally negative effect of online gaming excess. The authors of the article review the desocializing effect of excessive online gaming and assume that it may be overestimated by other researchers.
The article tells about the expedition of a group of managers from the post-Soviet states to Western Africa (Benin, Togo, and Ghana), in October – November 2012. The expedition organized jointly by the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the “DBA-Concept” scientific and consulting group, was led by researchers – the article co-authors. The expedition’s aims were both educational and research: diving into the worlds of African cultures, its participants searched and found in them parallels with their own professional and life experience which were to accelerate their further career and personality progress in the future. There is much to be learned about the importance of the continent’s culture for the present-day globalizing culture from what main “discoveries” these educated, successful Africa first-time visitors did.
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 37th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, MFCS 2012, held in Bratislava, Slovakia, in August 2012. The 63 revised full papers presented together with 8 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 162 submissions. Topics covered include algorithmic game theory, algorithmic learning theory, algorithms and data structures, automata, formal languages, bioinformatics, complexity, computational geometry, computer-assisted reasoning, concurrency theory, databases and knowledge-based systems, foundations of computing, logic in computer science, models of computation, semantics and verification of programs, and theoretical issues in artificial intelligence.
Recent developments in international football governance seem to be progressively leading toward an increasing use of technological devices for refereeing purposes. Opponents to change are often portrayed as old-fashioned or conservative. Philosophy might be of some help to overcome the dispute. In this paper, we first explore several concepts that are central to the current debate on football refereeing. Then, we determine the business of referees in relation to rules. We assess different arguments displayed regarding the role of chance and skills in competitions. Finally, we argue for the idea of referees as full players in football games.
Currently interactive robotic devices are increasingly used to solve everyday problems. Now, their scope is not limited to high tech industries. They are increasingly used in daily life: in museums (interactive exhibits), large corporations (robots guides) in the entertainment field. In this paper we consider the possibility of using upgraded pyroelectric infrared sensor in robotics device, and the results of experimental studies.
In this book you can find descriptions of the most popular authentic Rassian games and recomendations how to use them in RSL classes.
This book is for RSL teachers and foreign students interested in Russian games.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.