The article is devoted to studying the role of individual values of host population members in relation to their acculturation expectations. The methods of the study include the Schwartz value questionnaire (PVQ-R) and the acculturation expectations scales from the international scientific project MIRIPS (Mutual Intercultural Relations in Plural Societies) questionnaire. This study aimed to test the assumption that individual values of host population members are related to their acculturation expectations. The study involved ethnic Russians living in Russia, Moscow (N=200, M age=23.5 year) as the members of the host population. The results of path analysis in AMOS program showed that values of Conservation and SelfEnhancement are positively related to Segregation. Values of Self-Transcendence are positively related to Integration (Multiculturalism) and are negatively related to Assimilation (Melting Pot). In contrast, values of Self-Enhancement are positively related to Assimilation (Melting Pot) and negatively — to Integration (Multiculturalism).
The capital region can be characterized by polyethnic composition, where both indigenous people of different nationalities and religions, and migrants, who represent almost all ethnic and religious minorities of Russia and near abroad live. In this empirical study, the role of the level of religiosity in acculturation strategies/expectations of the host population and migrants were studied. The sample contained residents of Moscow (N = 388) and migrants from Azerbaijan (N = 147). The results of the regression analysis show that higher level of religiosity in the representatives of the host population contributes to acculturation expectation of multiculturalism, while higher level of religiosity in migrants contributes to the strategy of separation choice. The results are analyzed from the position of features of ethnic/religious minority and majority acculturation.
The article reconstructs the collective portrait of the Soviet beggars in the mid-1950s, the complex of demographic, economic, sociocultural characteristics presenting beggars as a marginal social group. The study is based on the statistical data of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the documents of the State Control Committee, which organized the inspection of the state of begging in different towns and regions of the USSR in 1954.