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Working paper

Низкий уровень занятости инвалидов в России – результат дискриминации?

The paper attempts to quantify the effect of employment discrimination on the basis of disability status in Russia. We use data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – Higher School of Economics (RLMS – HSE) for 2005. Parametric and nonparametric methods of decomposition are used to solve a problem of non-comparability of the disabled with the able-bodied and control for unobserved differences in productivity. Our fi ndings show that nonparametric methods are more applicable to disability discrimination studies due to “lack of common support” problem. The evidence suggests that individuals with poor health face substantial discrimination on the basis of disability status in Russia. The discrimination explains up to 25 percent points of the total gap in employment probabilities. This effect should be interpreted as an upper bound of the discrimination after control for differences in observed and unobserved productivity characteristics. The effect may still include the impact of cash and non-cash disability benefi ts, self-selection into disability, environmental barriers, and wage discrimination.