The Philosophy of the Good and the Evil in the Teachings of Leo Tolstoy and Hannah Arendt
Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2017. No. WP BRP 150/HUM/2017.
The main subject of this article is devited of analyses a problem of Good and Evil in the teaching of Leo Tolstoy and Hannah Arendt. each in his epoch and by a similar way, got to the back of contradictions between “reasonableness”, “morality” and a human behavior in the state and society though they approached them from the opposing points of view. The approach of Tolstoy was Christian-ethical while that of Arendt was philosophic-political. Their congeniality is attributed to the fact that the ethics of Tolstoy and the policy of Arendt are built on a common theoretical ground, i.e. the philosophical anthropology of Kant. In the “man-state” opposition, Tolstoy revealed the ethical prerequisites to creation of the totalitarian ideology, and Arendt showed up the historical, political and inhuman essence of the totalitarianism phenomenon as such.
Publication based on the results of: Философия зла в интеллектуальном пространстве XXв. (от Л. Толстого к Х. Арендт)(2018)