Individuals and Organizations as Sources of State Effectiveness, and Consequences for Policy
Michael Carlos Best, Jonas Hjort, Szakonyi D. S.
How much of the variation in state effectiveness is due to the individuals and organizations responsible for implementing policy? We investigate this question and its implications for policy design in the context of public procurement, using a text-based product classification method to measure bureaucratic output. We show that effective procurers lower bid preparation/submission costs, and that 60% of within-product purchase-price variation across 16 million purchases in Russia in 2011-2015 is due to the bureaucrats and organizations administering procurement processes. This has dramatic policy consequences. To illustrate these, we study a ubiquitous procurement policy: bid preferences for favored firms (here domestic manufacturers). The policy decreases overall entry and increases prices when procurers are effective, but has the opposite impact with ineffective procurers, as predicted by a simple endogenous-entry model of procurement. Our results imply that the state’s often overlooked bureaucratic tier is critical for effectiveness and the make-up of optimal policies.
, , , Journal of Public Procurement 2018 Vol. 18 No. 1 P. 68-87
Public procurement procedures prescribed by legislation not only enhance transparency and competition but also entail certain transaction costs for both customers and suppliers. These costs are important to the efficiency of the procurement system. However, very few previous studies have focused on estimating procurement costs. This paper proposes a methodology for public procurement cost evaluation. ...
Added: January 19, 2017
Организационные формы и стимулы в государственных закупках: естественный эксперимент для одной российской государственной организации
, , , Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2016 Т. 20 № 2 С. 285-310
This paper analysis the impact of centralized monitoring enlargement in a large public organization on incentives for efficient activity of organization’s departments, which have different levels of financial autonomy. We analyze the data of the large public organization during 2008-2013. The efficiency of departments’ activity was measured by competiveness of their procurements and delays in ...
Added: October 14, 2015
, В кн.: Логистика: современные тенденции развития //Материалы XVIII Междунар. научн.-практ. конф. 12, 13 апреля 2019 г.. Вып. XVIII.: СПб.: ГУМРФ имени адмирала С.О. Макарова, 2019.. С. 135-140.
The article defines and reveals the principle of differentiation of evaluation of the effectiveness of transport enterprise management. The analysis of features of the evaluation of enterprise management effectiveness, performed from the position of the interested party. Suggested grouped characteristics and given examples of indicators analyzed in assessing the effectiveness of enterprise management from the ...
Added: September 10, 2019
Методологические и методические проблемы оценки эффективности деятельности органов исполнительной власти в Российской Федерации
, Вестник Московского финансово-юридического университета 2015 № 3 С. 184-193
The article describes the basic methodological approaches to the definition of efficiency, as well as established by the legislation techniques for assessing the performance of executive authorities in Russia. Based on an analysis of existing shortcomings, some recommendations are offered for building the necessary model of evaluation. ...
Added: December 2, 2017
, , , International Journal of Public Administration 2018 P. 414-434
This paper estimates the impact of corruption on the incentives of procurers to maintain honest competition in tenders. Customers, who procure for themselves, and Agencies, who procure for the customers in their region are considered. Basing on a large dataset of open auctions conducted by Russian regional-level authorities in 2011, the analysis shows that in ...
Added: January 18, 2018
, Institutional Factors of Government Efficiency: Cross-Country Comparative Analysis / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2014.
Government efficiency is one of many fuzzy terms in contemporary political science. Due to its multidimensionality, it is not well-defined and, therefore, hard to identify. The idea of the current research is to create an index of government efficiency using data envelopment analysis. Using a sample of 127 countries for the period of 2009-2011 we ...
Added: October 13, 2014
, Экономика, труд и управление в сельском хозяйстве 2011 № 3 С. 40-44
The present article contains an analysis of the practice of outsourcing in agriculture. Differences between outsourcing and other forms of interfirm cooperation are described. It is demonstrated that an agricultural company may function as an outsourcee. Ways of implementation of outsourcing in agriculture are proposed. ...
Added: November 17, 2012
, Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2020 № 36-37 С. 221-252
In modern political science, one can observe the growth of research interest in the issue of sanctions. Increasingly, sanctions measures are viewed not only as an instrument of international politics, but also as a factor capable of influencing specific social groups, voters' preferences, and macroeconomic processes. In the author's past studies, the sanctions were considered as ...
Added: September 17, 2020
, , В кн.: Системное моделирование социально-экономических процессов: труды 39-й Международной научной школы-семинара. .: Воронеж: Воронежский государственный педагогический университет, 2016.. С. 224-228.
The modern procurement system in Russia is considered to function economically and efficiently on the basis of principles of fair competition among its main participants. Practically the important principles of the procurement system are not implemented in all cases. The research agenda of authors focuses on the analysis of interactions between the economic agents in ...
Added: May 11, 2017
, , , in: A Research Agenda for Public–Private Partnerships and the Governance of Infrastructure. .: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022.. Ch. 4. P. 85-104.
Several disciplines claim interest in the subject of public–private partnerships (PPPs) – including medicine, healthcare, public administration, management, economics, urban studies, accounting, law and others, in no particular order. Academic texts that use ‘public–private partnership’ and simultaneously one of the above discipline names (as a proxy for a subject inclination of the text) grow exponentially ...
Added: April 11, 2022
, Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2020 № 35 С. 147-165
In modern political realities, the number of local conflicts between countries is growing, which leads to increasing attention from the governments of these countries to creation and improvement instruments of foreign policy pressure on rebellious states. Current practice shows that sanctions as a way of economic pressure continue to be used by democratic countries as ...
Added: May 22, 2020
, , , Set-Asides: The Not-So-Clear Side of Public Procurement / SSRN. Series "Working Papers". 2020.
Set aside procedures in public procurement are those reserved for a sub-class of bidders, such as small and medium enterprises (SMEs) only, as a tool of the preferential treatment of SMEs by many governments. Prior studies and our results indicate these setasides reduce costs of government contracting. If they are cheaper, why should regulations enforce them, and why do ...
Added: February 4, 2020
, , , Fighting Cyber-Attacks with Sanctions: New Threats, Old Responses / Высшая школа экономики. Series LAW "Law". 2020. No. 96.
This paper contributes to the understanding of why states resort to ‘good old’ sanctions to meet the relatively new threat of cyber intrusions and whether this type of response is a forced measure or an effective tool to halt, prevent and punish attacking states. The tools of analysis used in this paper are legal positivism, ...
Added: December 8, 2020
Public Procurement as an Instrument of Support for Industrial Enterprises after the 2008–2009 Financial Crisis
, , in: Russian Summer School on Institutional Analysis - Research Projects 2018. .: M.: Higher School of Economics Publishing House, 2018.. P. 73-77.
The main objective of the study is to assess the effects of the government’s purchases on firm dynamics after the 2008 – 2009 financial crisis. Using the survey database of the 1950 Russian manufacturing firms combined with the publicly available financial data, we shall also examine the impact of public procurement contracts as an instrument ...
Added: July 9, 2020
, , in: State Capitalism in the new Global Political Economy. Conference Proceedings. International Conference of Institute quebecois des hautes etudes international (HEI). 21-24 November, 2013. Universite Laval. Quebeck City. Canada [Статьи авторов сборника открываются по выделенной гиперссылке на фамилию докладчика в программе конференции]. .: Quebeck: Universite Laval, 2013..
The paper consists of three main sections. The first is devoted to a discussion of the "state capitalism" concept and the reasons for the growing interest to this phenomenon. It is proposed here to consider the state capitalism not only in terms of the state ownership in major national industrial enterprises and banks, but also ...
Added: January 6, 2014
, , et al., The Scandinavian Journal of Economics 2018 Vol. 120 No. 3 P. 826-858
Disputes over penalties for breaching a contract are often resolved in court. A simple model illustrates how inefficient courts can sway public buyers from enforcing a penalty for late delivery in order to avoid litigation, therefore inducing sellers to delay contract delivery. By using a large dataset on Italian public procurement, we empirically study the ...
Added: January 9, 2017
, , et al., International Journal of Public Administration 2021 P. 1-12
This paper studies the indicators of public procurement efficiency as perceived by procurers and suppliers and what barriers must be overcome to consider procurement efficient. The authors used an online survey of Russian procurers and suppliers conducted in 2020 as the main data source. Methods based on comparison of descriptive statistics and distributions of answers ...
Added: August 23, 2021
, , МИР (Модернизация. Инновации. Развитие) 2012 Т. 12 № 4 С. 54-61
In this paper as the main feature of innovation in the financial health of a company analyst view the shift to two circuits of key interests of owners of capital (financial stakeholders). Justified by differences key financial systems within the contour ownership interest and the lender three projections: liquidity, the current economic efficiency and growth. ...
Added: March 8, 2013
Единая информационная система в сфере закупок как государственная цифровая платформа: современное состояние и перспективы
, , Вопросы государственного и муниципального управления 2020 № 3 С. 49-70
Technological progress and economic incentives contribute to the rapid development and digitalization of all areas of government activity, including public procurement. The key role in digital transformation belongs to electronic platforms. They provide technological feasibility of electronic procurement process and its’ accessibility for all the participants. This article analyzed previous studies on the use of ...
Added: September 30, 2020
, , et al., Atomic Energy 2013 Vol. 114 No. 4 P. 293-296
Added: October 10, 2014
, Российский журнал правовых исследований 2019 Т. 6 № 3 С. 87-97
The present paper has as its object the investigation of the methodological basis for improving the effectiveness of legal thinking in game. The place of legal thinking is defined as a constitutive component of law and as a way of constructing legal reality. This paper identifies the problem of the need to improve the efficiency ...
Added: October 1, 2019
, , , Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 2021 Vol. 189 P. 217-233
A high level of corruption usually constrains economic development in emerging countries. However, anti-corruption campaigns often fail because the relevant policies need to be implemented by existing corrupt governments. This article studies the extent of bureaucrats’ heterogeneity in attitude to the problem of corruption. Due to the sensitivity of direct questions on corruption, we conduct ...
Added: July 16, 2021
, В кн.: Управление научно-техническими проектами. Материалы Третьей Международной научно-технической конференции. Москва, 5 апреля 2019 г.. .: МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана, 2019.. С. 129-137.
Despite the widespread use of project and program management methodologies in various fields of practical activity, they have not yet become widespread in the venture capital business. An attempt was made to find common ground between these two areas that are developing rapidly today and to assess the prospects for their closer integration. ...
Added: October 24, 2019
, , , Journal of Social Policy Studies 2020 Vol. 18 No. 1 P. 115-128
Non-profit organizations deliver a wide range of meaningful resources to communities in such diverse areas as education, arts, culture, medicine, social service and others. However, as compared to the private sector, their funding potential is much more limited. Increasing social and economic impact of the non-profit sector is a reason why there is a need ...
Added: April 1, 2020