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Working paper

Pure SU(2) gauge theory partition function and generalized Bessel kernel

math-ph. arXiv.org. arXiv.org, 2017. No. 1705.01869.
Gavrylenko P., Lisovyy O.
We show that the dual partition function of the pure $\mathcal N=2$ $SU(2)$ gauge theory in the self-dual $\Omega$-background (a) is given by Fredholm determinant of a generalized Bessel kernel and (b) coincides with the tau function associated to the general solution of the Painlev\'e III equation of type $D_8$ (radial sine-Gordon equation). In particular, the principal minor expansion of the Fredholm determinant yields Nekrasov combinatorial sums over pairs of Young diagrams.