The Role of Innovation and Globalization Strategies in Post-Crisis Recovery
This article is dedicated to the analysis of effectiveness of special economic zones (SEZ), a rather new, but promising phenomenon in Russian Federation economy. It includes general analysis of SEZ, its reaction to the world financial crisis, analysis of innovation implementation SEZ (II SEZ), and, in particular, its IT-potential. At the end, the cases related to innovative products realized in these zones are described and some economic and financial indicators suitable to describe the dynamics of development of these agglomerations of IT enterprises are given.
The process of globalization undoubtedly contributes to the changes and reduction of nomenclature and scope of state sovereign powers. At the same time this is a bilateral process: On the one side, the factors are strengthening that fairly undermine the countries` sovereignty, on the other – most states voluntarily limit the scope of their sovereignty including the right to use the capital punishment, nomenclature and size of taxation, the size of emission and borrowings etc. We believe that among the range of factors influencing the process of change of national sovereignty (including the technological and economical changes and the necessity to solve jointly a great number of issues), the factor of voluntary reducing of scope of sovereign powers to obtain an additional prestige and benefit appears to be of the utmost importance. At the same time the limiting of sovereignty inevitably leads to great changes in the policy patterns of states as well as of common people masses. So the problems of changes of functions and role of the modern state, in our view, must be among those of currant importance.
The article considers the preliminary results of the research comparing self assessment and real choices behavior strategies in difficult and conflict situations.
Analysis of innovative activity of businesses, particularly those in the transport sphere, in the Russian Federation is provided, based on the OECD data. Company size, level of monopoly power and industryspecific characteristics were used as factors to determine innovative activity. All factors point at low level of R&D spending by Russian businesses, including those in the transport industry. Natural transport monopolies are significantly behind the world's largest companies in R&D. Lack of innovative management system in businesses is the chief barrier to innovative activity.
After the beginning of the First World War the Polish presence in Russia increased substantially: numerous refugees and prisoners of war joined the earlier established Polonia. The complex process of national self-determination of the Poles was refl ected in the memoirs of Roman Dyboski (1883-1945) – a literary scholar, professor of Jagiellonian University, offi cer of the Austro-Hungarian army. During seven years spent in Russia he visited its various parts, talked to his compatriots, who represented all regions of partitioned Poland, social layers, professions, generations and political groups.
This paper represents an initial report on findings for a study aimed at analyzing several key aspects of middle class development in the Russian regions (subjects of Federation - oblasts, krays, autonomous republics), namely: Federal and regional government programs to stimulate the growth of the middle class (content, tools of implementation, effectiveness); Behavioral strategies and economic behavior (consumption patterns propensity to save, investment) of different sections of Russian middle class; Middle class value orientation and political preferences (including preferences for democracy).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.