National or European Politicians? Gauging MEPs Polarity When Russia is Concerned
The article contains an analysis of the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on services in the internal market. The study discusses the main amendments to the original Directive proposal; defines the content of the country of origin principle; determines the scope of the Directive and of the freedom to provide services. A particular attention is paid to the article 16 of the Directive. The author examines the principles, that Member States have to respect in order to impose requirements with regard to the provision of a service activity by providers, established within the territory of another Member State. Based on this research, the author makes an attempt to appraise the importance of this Directive for the liberalization process of trade in services sector.
Marina Larionova and Vitaliy Nagornov of the Moscow High School of Economics review the prospects for progress in the five key areas for technological modernization - energy efficiency, nuclear technology, space technology and communications, medical technology and strategic information technology. The authors also examine the most important legal changes for stimulating investment and innovation, such as amendments to the list of strategic enterprises and acts on special economic zones. They emphasise the importance of higher education reform in ensuring the success of the modernization agenda. Finally they look at EU-Russia cooperation in practice taking as examples various cross border initiatives.
This study focuses on such a complex issue as an energy security. The energy security is often considered from the consumer's point of view. But it's an "umbrella term", covering a lot of concerns. This study looks at how the concept of demand security came about and how it evolved. The chapter examines requests of consuming and producing countries. Energy has a significant role in the relations between Russia and EU and this case is considered in the chapter.
This review brings out clearly the many issues concerning the EU-Russia modernisation partnership. Perhaps the most important is the differences within Russia about how far and how fast to proceed with modernisation. President Dmitry Medvedev has spoken of the need to reform Russia’s “backward” economy, to end its “primitive reliance” on oil and gas. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, seems not to share this sense of urgency, arguing recently that modernisation was already under way, “but we need to make this development quite gradual”. Mr Putin has also been far less vocal than Mr Medvedev on the need to tackle corruption and take measures to strengthen the rule of law.
The article presents an overview of EU-Russia relations in the sphere of information security. Actors' stances in the sphere as well as obstacles for and prespectives of cooperation are discussed.
This publication is devoted to issues related to religious policy of the European Parliament as well as the history of the European Union. The paper was requested by the EP.
EU-Russia relations are on the stage of fundamental rethinking. Unshakeable foundations of mutual understanding and trust have been undemined. Ukraine crisis demonstrated an absolutely different vision of european security by Russia and West. New Helsinki can become the platform for launch of common free trade zone from Lisbon o Vladivostok.
European integration is going through difficult times, not only due to the crisis, but also because the logic that determines the development of the EU. It forces politicians to think in realistic terms. In a close partnership with the United States, the European powers are entering the global politic arena. For Russia, this is fraught with more complex partnership with the EU, as well as with single European countries that have revised their priorities.
The article defines the limits of qualification of terrorist crimes. The author distinguishes them from common criminal offences, sabotage, military crimes and analyzes the notion of “State Terrorism”, stating limits of terrorism from the point of subject of crime.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.