Modern Authoritarianism and Corruption
This paper focuses on the link between the modern authoritarianism and corruption. Even though corruption plays an important role in Communist regimes, post-colonial dictatorships and authoritarian monarchies, coercion - which is a traditional tool used by authoritarian rulers - remains the basis of these regimes. However, a new type of non-democratic regimes, which we call neoauthoritarian, has emerged since the last quarter of the XX century. The new regimes are based on a dynamic interplay between coercion and corruption. That interplay allows authoritarian rulers to bring to the forefront either coercion or corruption, depending on the current political situation in the country and the political, economic and social issues on the political agenda. In this type of regimes, ruling political-economic groups capture the state and the public authority in the country and use all their instruments and resources to achieve their private goals. This paper presents empirical results showing that the Communist regimes, dictatorships and authoritarian monarchies exist in 33 modern non-democratic states, while neoauthoritarian regimes can be found in 19 states. I show that high levels of corruption are typical of all of these regimes, especially in dictatorships and neoauthoritarian ones. I explain a relatively lower level of corruption in the authoritarian monarchies using Olson's theory of stationary bandit. In particular, I speculate that the ruling monarchs fight corruption among bureaucrats since they perceive it as stealing their own property that damages the sources of their administrative rent and their revenues. At the same time, the high-level political corruption persists. Finally, I show that dictatorships are on average more fragile than economically elastic neoauthoritarian regimes, although it might be challenging to differentiate between them. All authoritarian and neoauthoritarian regimes, except a few monarchies, are non-stable regimes, allowing me to hypothesize their coming transformations or collapse.
Priority areas: humanitarian
Osteuropa 2014 No. 8 P. 121-130
Unlike democracies, autocracies can be stable only if they satisfy the population's material expectations. To that end, they need effective state institutions. This confronts an autocratic ruler with a dilemma: such institutions endanger the nontransparent distribution of resources to the powerful elites, who support the regime. Therefore, autocracies are also extremely vulnerable to upheavals in the global ...
Added: December 5, 2014
Routine Corruption in Russia During the Reigns of Catherine II and Alexander I / Basic Research Programme. Series HUM "Humanities". 2016.
This articles uses the account records books from a variety of Golitsyn estates in the late eighteenth- early ninetieth century to assess the level of "routine corruption" in Imperial Russia. The data from these books allows us to identify individual cases of unofficial payments made by the estates and by peasant commune to the district-level ...
Added: December 7, 2016
Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia
Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2018. No. WP BRP 63/PS/2018.
There is an extensive body of research devoted to how political satire affects political knowledge and political behavior. Extant studies are focused on political satire in democratic countries and do not pay enough attention to authoritarian regimes. This study extends this research to non- democratic regimes, while also adding to it by exploring the extent ...
Added: November 22, 2018
Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз 2015 № 2 С. 6-20
The article is devoted to the analysis of the hypothesis proposed V.Gel'man, according to which the post-Soviet Russia should be viewed as an "crucial case" of electoral authoritarianism that sheds light jn the origins of the strength and weakness of this model in a comparative perspective. Having thoroughly analyzed Gel'man's arguments in the context of ...
Added: August 28, 2015
Мировая экономика и международные отношения 2021 Т. 65 № 8 С. 109-119
This article covers the study of modern authoritarianism in institution-targeted paradigm and describes the main trends in modern research: refinement of classification and measurement of authoritarian regimes and analysis of factors influencing their stability and survival. It considers continuous and categorical approaches to classification of political regimes.Authoritarianism is defined as a form of organization of political ...
Added: August 4, 2021
Trial by Fire: a Natural Disaster’s Impact on Attitudes toward the Government in Rural Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2012. No. 04/PS/2012.
This study aims to explore the psychological foundations of political support under a nondemocratic regime by investigating the impact of a natural disaster on attitudes toward the government. The research exploits the enormous wildfires that occurred in rural Russia during the summer of 2010 as a natural experiment. Since wildfire spreads due to the direction ...
Added: August 27, 2012
Studies in Comparative International Development 2016 Vol. 51 No. 3 P. 257-285
Do radical anticorruption measures such as lustration reduce corruption by systematically limiting the political participation of former authoritarian actors? While research has largely overlooked the role of transitional justice in addressing corruption, some scholars claim that lustration may increase corruption by reducing bureaucratic expertise. Analyzing original panel data from 30 post-communist states from 1996 to ...
Added: October 14, 2015
Electoral Success of Independents under Authoritarianism: Evidence from Russia’s Local Elections, 2014–2018
Problems of Post-Communism 2021 P. 1-12
How are candidates without official party affiliation able to succeed in authoritarian elections? We analyzed 1,101 independents who took part in city council elections in Russia’s regional capitals between 2014 and 2018. We found that independent candidates’ electoral fortunes depended both on their personal resources enabling them to attract voters’ support and pre-electoral deals with ...
Added: June 4, 2021
Europe-Asia Studies 2020 Vol. 1 No. 72 P. 80-98
This article addresses the puzzle of electoral engineering in autocracies using data from three rounds of Russian regional legislative elections between 2003 and 2017. The analysis shows that electoral engineering was widespread in regions where governors lacked the resources necessary to rely on blatant forms of electoral malpractice for the benefit of United Russia. This ...
Added: March 7, 2020
Sheverdyaev S.N., Shenfeldt A.A. Evolution of the Concept of Political Corruption in Western and Russian Political Science and Law // Russian Law Journal. Vol 7, No 2. 2019.
Russian Law Journal 2019 Vol. 7 No. 2
As a result of intensive international debate and the adoption of a number of renowned international anticorruption conventions and initiatives in the 1990s and 2000s, the issue of corruption has become a convenient theme for different kinds of generalizations in social sciences. However, national legislation does not reflect these developments in its legal regulation due ...
Added: June 28, 2019
Политическая концептология: журнал метадисциплинарных исследований 2014 № 4 С. 23-46
The authors consider a very common (in Russia) kind of ideology of the “special path”. This ideology uses the idea of a special Russian civilization as a proof of the impossibility of full democratic development of Russia. The authors present a panorama of contemporary political forces which use, in one way or another, a new ...
Added: March 16, 2015
Что скрывается за «фасадом»? Исследовательская программа электронного участия в недемократических странах
Вестник Пермского университета. Серия: Политология 2018 № 3 С. 50-66
Currently, non-democracies are showing a significant interest in e-participation tools, i.e. in various online mechanisms for citizen participation in public policy, such as epetitions and e-consultations. Such instruments can be found in a vast range of countries from the post-Soviet space to the Middle East. This leads to new interpretations of the role ICT play ...
Added: October 24, 2018
L.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015
The number of conflicts in the world is increasing, as well as their intensity and fierceness. We see the trend of unfolding spiral of violence in the world and thus there is a pressing need to assess the underlying reasons of it. Challenges to a secure development of the world stem from political, economic and ...
Added: January 23, 2015
Политическая наука 2015 № 2 С. 232-252
Basing our theory on the conducted research and analysis of existing corruption studies (1900-2015), authors reveal main theoretical disadvantages of the field, including “the missing factor” of corruption studies – corruption market. This paper provides methodology for the new middle-ranged theory of corruption markets that explains different results of the same anticorruption reforms. ...
Added: September 30, 2015
Modern Authoritarianism and Political Ideology / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2017. No. WP BRP 44/PS/2017.
This article analyses the ideologies of authoritarian and neo-authoritarian regimes. The analysis is carried out in three clusters: “rudimentary” authoritarian regimes, post-colonial dictatorships, neo-authoritarian regimes. The first cluster is subdivided into two subgroups: authoritarian monarchies and “communist regimes”. The regimes in the third cluster are also subdivided into two subgroups: post-Soviet regimes and neo-authoritarian regimes in ...
Added: February 13, 2017
Бизнес. Общество. Власть 2020 № 36-37 С. 221-252
In modern political science, one can observe the growth of research interest in the issue of sanctions. Increasingly, sanctions measures are viewed not only as an instrument of international politics, but also as a factor capable of influencing specific social groups, voters' preferences, and macroeconomic processes. In the author's past studies, the sanctions were considered as ...
Added: September 17, 2020
Почему фашисты не придут сейчас к власти в Кремле: сравнение краха демократии и взлета фашизма в Веймарской Германии и постсоветской России
Почему фашисты не придут сейчас к власти в Кремле: сравнение краха демократии и взлета фашизма в Веймарской Германии и постсоветской России / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP14 "Политическая теория и политический анализ". 2010. No. 02.
First, we demonstrate that structural explanations based on socio-economic factors are insufficient to account for authoritarian regression in two of collapsology’s “crucial cases” – inter-war Germany and post-communist Russia. Instead, (a) a dearth of pro-democratic actors on the elite, intermediary as well as population levels, and (b) a misconstrued form of government allowing the head ...
Added: March 11, 2013
World Journal of Social Science Research Scholink Inc. 2019 Vol. 6 No. 2 P. 150-175
The article is devoted to the analysis of the influence of the human factor on the corruption in the public authority. The corruption depends on the institutional quality of the public authority, its ability to withstand the negative manifestations of the human factor, and on the officials’ qualities. The motivation of "going to power" has ...
Added: April 23, 2019
Russian Politics and Law 2010 Vol. 48 No. 2 P. 7-26
In the 1990s, sub-national authoritarian regimes – local-based monopolies of ruling elites – emerged in many of Russia’s regions and cities against the background of spontaneous decentralization of government and competitive electoral politics. In the 2000s, the decline of political competition and recentralization of the Russian state led to incorporation of sub-national authoritarian regimes under ...
Added: November 24, 2013
Axiomathes 2018 Vol. 28 No. 3 P. 345-361
This article focuses on the general theoretical issue of realism versus constructivism (or normativism) in politics, with a case of the present-day Russia as the main and most telling (but not the only) example. We present four assertions that we are going to defend. First, we claim that in the sphere of international relations, political ...
Added: March 18, 2018
British Journal of Political Science 2021
Incumbents have many tools to tip elections in their favor, yet little is known about how they choose between strategies. By comparing various tactics, this article argues that electoral malpractice centered on manipulating institutions offers the greatest effectiveness while shielding incumbents from public anger and criminal prosecution. To demonstrate this, the study focuses on a ...
Added: September 10, 2021
Прогнозис 2009 № 2 С. 109-134
Added: June 2, 2016
Social Sciences 2017 Vol. 48 No. 3 P. 80-94
Abstract. The authoritarian regimes in post-Soviet states emerged and consolidated in an absence of strong traditions of civil society and the fact that the anticommunist revolution of 1991 in the Soviet Union was not pre- dated by a “revolution of values.” The democratic transit in the newly inde- pendent states failed and democratic changes were ...
Added: November 24, 2017
М.: Юрайт, 2014
Сегодня на наших глазах происходит формирование нового мира, во многом отличающегося от привычных реалий. Действительно ли основные внутренние пружины мирового развития станут радикально иными? Разумеется, никто не может однозначно предсказать будущее. Вместе с тем изучающим международные отношения и мировую политику полезно и необходимо иметь представление о повторяющихся в ходе веков и даже тысячелетий конфигурациях, которые ...
Added: April 9, 2015