The pros and cons of the Intelligent Transportation System implementation at toll plaza in Russia
In this paper, we present a Big Data analysis paradigm related to smart cities using cloud computing infrastructures. The proposed architecture follows the MapReduce parallel model implemented using the Hadoop framework. We analyse two case studies: a quality-of-service assessment of public transportation system using historical bus location data, and a passenger-mobility estimation using ticket sales data from smartcards. Both case studies use real data from the transportation system of Montevideo, Uruguay. The experimental evaluation demonstrates that the proposed model allows processing large volumes of data efficiently.
This article presents a ground-based unmanned vehicles (UV) control system developed using agent-based simulation methods (supported by AnyLogic). An important feature of such a system is the ability to assess the influence of various parameters (such as average initial speeds, input stream intensities, frequency of data exchange between BTS agents, etc.) on the behavior and condition of unmanned and conventional vehicles in a dense stream. The effects of “turbulence” and “traffic congestion”, caused usually by a high density of vehicles and the occurrence of road traffic accidents, are investigated.
The software implementation of the developed simulation model in the AnyLogic IDE was performed and numerical experiments were carried out. The modes are found that ensure safe and high-speed movement of vehicles in a dense stream.
Challenges of urbanization require new, more flexible approaches to design of public transportation systems. Demand Responsive Transport systems (DRT) that provide a share transportation services with flexible routes and focus on optimizing of economic and environmental value are becoming an important part of public transportation. In this paper we propose a new approach to design of DRT models which considers DRT as a multi-agent system (MAS) where various autonomous agents represent interests of system’s stakeholders. The distributed nature of the MAS facilitates design of scalable implementations in modern cloud environments. We also propose a planning algorithm based on combinatorial auctions (CA) that allows to express commodity of multiple transportation scenarios by evident means of the bids. Using the mechanism of CA we may fully take into account the presence of complementariness and substitutability among the items that differ across bidders. Further, we describe design principles of our proposed software with a prototype implementation. We believe that our approach to multi-agent modeling is general enough to provide the flexibility necessary for adoption of DRT-services modeling into real-world scenarios. The results of modeling have been compared against several cases of a local bus provider and validated in a set of computational experiments.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.