Роль лидера в условиях внедрения систем управления по результатам в публичном секторе
The book of articles based on NISPA Annual conference final selected reports (Macedonia, OHrid, May 23-26).
The article focuses on the development of a competence and knowledge paradigm of education, stages and outcomes of its formation in the field of public administration abroad and in Russia. The attention is paid to processes and conditions of development of the professional competences within the curriculum in the field of public administration.
In today's world leadership is one of the most interesting phenomena of social life. Everyone is positioning itself as a leader or (control ), or as a slave . Especially clearly expressed by the youth , as this is the age is finally formed the character and temperament of a person that influence the manifestation of his leadership qualities. The importance and relevance of the study of leadership is due to the capabilities of its influence on personality development and the formation of an active life position assumes optimal involvement in collective leadership and execution functions. Phenomenon of leadership is also important for such municipal structures as higher education institutions. Dwell on the Higher School of Economics - Nizhny Novgorod - the university , with a strong personality , with a set of features that define its uniqueness. University has positioned itself as a leader among the socio - economic trends in education , being the only one in this area by the National Research University. From March to October 2012 the study was conducted , the number of respondents - 302 people . Objective: to determine whether the youth HSE - Nizhny Novgorod human identity as the leader of reality. Research objectives: • identify the gender , age aspects of leadership ; • analyze the interaction of men and women in the groups ; • consider the impact of the physical location of a person , tone and volume of his voice on the manifestation of leadership skills and abilities. The object of the study were students and applicants enrolled in the center of preliminary training , HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in age from 18 to 23 years, subject - the difference between self-identity and opinion leader group.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.