Estimation of peer effects with predicted social ties: Evidence from two universities in Brazil and Russia
Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. WP BRP 30/EDU/2015.
Poldin O. V., Yudkevich M. M., Simoes T., Knobel M.
Social interactions with peers during learning have a significant impact on university students’ academic achievement. As social ties are voluntary, an empirical estimation of peer effects is exposed to a potential endogeneity problem. To overcome this issue, we propose to define the peer group of an individual as their predicted friends. The specific features of the learning environment in higher education institutions may affect dimensions along which friendship ties form. To test the presence of peer effects in different educational and cultural contexts, we use data on students studying in two universities located in two different countries, Brazil and Russia. We assume that friendship is affected by homophily in student attributes, such as having the same region of origin, the same gender, and sharing the same study group. In both institutions, we find positive externalities from having high-ability peers.
, , , Applied Economics 2015 Vol. 47 No. 44 P. 4728-4740
Social influence is an important factor in learning and decision-making. We estimate peer influence on student choice of specialization using data on undergraduate students of a Russian university. Information about individual social ties has been gathered from a questionnaire survey. We show that specialization choice is significantly influenced by friends as well as by study ...
Added: July 2, 2015
, , , Research in Higher Education 2016 Vol. 57 No. 4 P. 448-468
We study how the achievements of university students are influenced by the characteristics and achievements of peers in individuals’ social networks. Defining peer group in terms of friendship and study partner ties enables us to apply a network regression model and thereby disentangle the influence of peers’ performance from that of peers’ background. We find ...
Added: October 10, 2015
Do Social Networks Help to Improve Student Academic Performance? The Case of Vk.com and Russian Students
, , Economics Bulletin 2014 Vol. 34 No. 2 P. 718-733
A number of researchers have studied the effect of social networks on student academic performance, but the results are not only contradictory but also limited by the use of self-reported estimations of social network use. This paper overcomes this problem, however, as we collect unique data on the real time spent by Russian students in ...
Added: April 4, 2014
, , , Прикладная эконометрика 2014 № 34(2) С. 80-94
We estimate the correlation between student’s choice of specialization and the choices of the students connected by social ties. We use data on students of Economics department at one of the Russian universities and show that the choice is linked with the choice of friends as well as study assistants. The strongest effect is produced ...
Added: June 16, 2014
, Вестник Нижегородского университета им. Н.И. Лобачевского. Серия: Социальные науки 2018 № 2 С. 16-24
In this paper, we examine the correlation between corruption perceptions of a particular person and the person’s surrounding people. The relevance of this task is obvious in the context of the great attention paid to the fight against corruption in modern society, and also due to the fact that the available scholarly literature mostly discusses ...
Added: October 24, 2018
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2015. No. WP BRP 65/SOC/2015.
Peer group effects show the influence of student social environments on their individual achievements. Traditionally, a social environment is considered by researchers of peer effects as exogenously given. However, significant peers that affect performance are often those that are deliberately chosen. Students might choose their friends among peers with similar academic achievements. A dynamic analysis ...
Added: September 10, 2015
, , Computers & Education 2017 Vol. 113 P. 327-338
This study investigates factors related to the social adaptation of first-year students. The sample consists of 68 students at a Russian university. The influences of the students' individual characteristics and basic social network indicators from the social networking site Vk.com on their grades were tested using ordinal logistic regression. A higher integration level at the beginning of ...
Added: December 22, 2017
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP10 "Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований". 2014. № 1.
We consider the structure of social network of university students, and analyze factors that lead to the network formation. Using the data from student survey and administrative information, we estimate econometric models that assume homophily and propinquity effect on the likelihood of being friends. Specifically, we estimate linear probability models with and without fixed effects, ...
Added: December 26, 2014
, , , Прикладная эконометрика 2012 № 2 С. 3-16
We estimate the influence of classmates ability characteristics on student achievement in exogenously formed student groups. The study uses the administrative data on undergraduate students in large selective university in Russia. The presence of high-ability classmates has positive effect on individual academic performance, and most benefit is gained by students at the top of the ...
Added: July 9, 2012
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Series EDU "Education". 2016. No. 33.
Student friendship networks can be considered as social capital, which is known to be a very useful resource during university and after it. Several empirical studies have examined static models of student behaviour in social networks. In this study we analyse the dynamic changes of student social connections. We use original longitude data of student ...
Added: July 6, 2016
, , Вестник Воронежского государственного университета. Серия: Экономика и управление 2017 № 3 С. 5-11
The article discusses the mechanisms of informal institutions and their main functions. Special attention is paid to social networks as an example of an informal mechanism. The main attraction is given to the model of membership in a network as a dynamic game with incomplete and asymmetric information ...
Added: January 16, 2018
, , , Journal of Sports Economics 2021 Vol. 22 No. 5 P. 571-586
The paper investigates the variety of peer effects on individual performance in a team sport. The individual performance of more than 5,000 soccer players, from 234 teams, between 2010 and 2015, is measured with the help of the FIFA video game simulator developed by EA Sports. The study reveals positive peer effects on individual performance ...
Added: March 24, 2021
, , Вопросы образования 2016 № 3 С. 59-79
Social capital of students is an important resource developed in the university, along with professional competencies. We analyze friendship and study help networks among first-year students, examine network structures, calculate network parameters and correlations between them. Student relations in different programmes are identical in nature, which is proved by similar structures of both friendship and ...
Added: September 19, 2016
, , Вопросы образования 2013 № 4 С. 127-144
Статья представляет собой введение в проблематику эмпирического анализа социальных сетей студентов высших учебных заведений. В первой части статьи приведены основные определения и дается представление о ключевых статистических характеристиках социальных сетей, таких как плотность сети density, степень сети degree, распределение степени degree distribution, маршрут walk, расстояние distance, диаметр diameter, коэффициент кластеризации clustering coefficient, центральность centrality. Далее ...
Added: November 14, 2013
, , Вопросы образования 2011 № 4 С. 106-123
The authors discuss models presented in papers which are concerned with peer-effects in higher education, and their limitations. Open questions of educational policy and the challenges that they issue for researchers are formulated. ...
Added: September 3, 2012
The impact of student academic achievement on graduate salaries: the case of a leading Russian university
, , Journal of Education and Work 2019 Vol. 32 No. 2 P. 156-180
This paper analyses the impact of academic achievement on future salaries by looking into the grade point average (GPA)-earnings relationship for graduates of a leading Russian university. The study is based on pooled cross-sectional graduate survey data for 2014–2015. The issue of how student academic achievement impacts future labour market rewards is analysed through academic, ...
Added: May 18, 2019
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series SOC "Sociology". 2013. No. 15/SOC/2013.
Among the key issues of peer effects estimation is the correct identification of relevant peers. In this study, we explore how the individual performance of university students is influenced by characteristics and achievements of peers from individual’s social network. The analysis uses data from two directed networks: a network of friends and a network of ...
Added: March 14, 2013
Интернет-технологии и социальные сети в системе подготовки и методической поддержки работников образования
, , , Информатизация образования и науки 2010 № 3 С. 184-192
This article discusses the functioning of the system of continuous methodological support and consulting for teachers to work in a network of social and educational communities, use in education modern information technologies and digital educational materials of new generation. ...
Added: September 26, 2013
, Нижегородское образование 2014 № 4 С. 136-142
This paper analyses modern researches devoted to the investigations of peer effects in education. It describes popular empirical models used to evaluation of peer effects. Some problems existing in exploration of peer effects in education is presented. The paper examines the influence of social network characteristics on student academic achievements. ...
Added: March 10, 2015
, , , / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series NRU Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC" "NRU Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC".". 2014.
Different studies document direct and indirect factors, which influence educational attainment and occupational choice. From the other side, the role of biological determinants is relatively new. Our study is focused on the impact of prenatal testosterone (measured by the second to fourth finger digit ratios, 2d:4d) on university students’ achievements, lifetime educational levels, achieved by ...
Added: November 10, 2014
, , Прикладная эконометрика 2015 Т. 40 № 4 С. 49-63
We consider the structure of social network of university students, and analyze factors that lead to the personal communication (friendship) network formation. Using the data from student survey and administrative information, we estimate the econometric models that assume homophily and propinquity effects on the likelihood of being friends. Specifically, we estimate linear and logistic probability ...
Added: February 2, 2016
, , , Вопросы образования 2017 № 1 С. 8-24
Академический неуспех студентов традиционно объясняется их способностями, социально-экономическим положением, институциональной средой университета и влиянием социального окружения. Несмотря на то что вклад этих факторов в вероятность студенческих отчислений подробно изучен, пограничные положения студентов, также характеризующиеся высокой вероятностью исключения, оказываются вне зоны внимания исследователей. Используя динамические данные об академических задолженностях и дружеских связях студентов, мы изучаем динамику ...
Added: March 31, 2017
Чебоксары : ИД «Среда», 2018
В коллективной монографии представлены научно-исследовательские материалы известных и начинающих ученых, объединенные основной темой современного видения путей развития науки и образования. ...
Added: October 11, 2018
, М. : МАДИ, 2005
Анализируются вопросы образования в широком историческом контексте. Образование понимается как неотъемлемое свойство жизни человека и поэтому не подлежит рассмотрению в качестве услуги. Услуги, в том числе и рыночные, возникают в связи с образованием по мере развития индустриально-рыночной экономики и касаются прежде всего обучения, которое становится преобладающим в образовании как процессе, направляемом со стороны общества. По ...
Added: July 29, 2013