Portfolio Forming Decisions: the Role of Intangibles
Considered the possibility of using standardized performance indicators for benchmarking procurement of companies. Analyzed the main reasons for the lack of productivity in the procurement.
Obtaining RNA-seq measurements involves a complex data analytical process with a large number of competing algorithms as options. There is much debate about which of these methods provides the best approach. Unfortunately, it is currently difficult to evaluate their performance due in part to a lack of sensitive assessment metrics. We present a series of statistical summaries and plots to evaluate the performance in terms of specificity and sensitivity, available as a R/Bioconductor package ( http://bioconductor.org/packages/rnaseqcomp ). Using two independent datasets, we assessed seven competing pipelines. Performance was generally poor, with two methods clearly underperforming and RSEM slightly outperforming the rest.
The second part of the scientific monograph contains the results of analyzis the effectiveness of corporate risk management and internal control systems. The scientific literature contains a fairly large number of methods that allow to evaluate the effectiveness of managerial decisions within the company, but most of them are designed to formally assess the functionality of a particular system of risk management in relation to the world wide "best practices". The monograph presents the recommendations on the organization of integrated risk management methodology and assess its effectiveness in accordance with modern trends in decision-making, such as short-termizm focus on short-term business profitability. The theoretical propositions supported by empirical calculations, analytical studies and practical recommendations. The emphasis is on managing business uncertainty, and as a result, growth in the discount rate and the reduction of investment attractiveness as a result of lack of transparency of administrative processes and the lack of clear criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of the processes. This monograph is intended for students, teachers and scientists, researchers, and professionals operating in the field of risk management.
Purpose: This study investigates the factors that support or obstruct market value creation through intangible capital.
Design/methodology/approach: We explore the impact of intangibles and exogenous shocks on corporate attractiveness for investors measured by Market Value Added (MVA). Specifically we analyse the relationship between intangible-driven outperformance of companies, measured by Economic Value Added (EVA) and a number of intangible drivers on macro-, meso- and micro- levels. We suppose that the process of value creation is not only confined to companies’ performances. Our empirical research was conducted on more than 900 public companies from Europe and US during the period 2005-2009.
Findings: Our study establishes that investment attractiveness is affected by intangibles. We found that a company’s experience, size and innovative focus facilitate value creation. An unexpected result was revealed concerning countries’ education level, which appears to be an obstructive condition for intangible-driven value creation.
Research limitations/implications: The study reveals the significance of industry belonging for intangible-driven value creation. Nevertheless, it does not discover the particular characteristics of industry that influence corporate attractiveness for investors. These issues could be addressed in future research.
Practical implications: Our findings extend the understanding of the phenomenon of intangible capital and enable the improvement of investment decision-making.
Originality/value: The study emphasizes the holistic framework of market value creation by analysing a number of strategic crucial factors in line with Economic Value Added.
This study investigates factors of corporate success over the crisis period of 2008-2009. We advocate the idea that investments in intangibles allow a company to be better off, even if the markets go down. The hypothesis put forward in this paper was tested on a sample of more than 300 companies which operate in developed and emerging European markets, and belong to traditional and innovative industries. The application of statistical tools showed a robust significant link between the companies’ investment decisions and their performance before and during the crisis. This study contributes to empirical corporate finance as it provides evidence that investment restriction is not the best response to an economic recession.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.