Russia’s Water Resources 2030: Plausible Scenarios
Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. 42.
The research presented in this paper focuses on the sustainable use of water resources in Russia based on a Foresight study with a 20-year time horizon. The study uses a scenario-planning method to develop four trajectories: economic depression, economic stagnation, visionary future, and national priority. These four trajectories offer significantly different yet plausible alternative futures. The current paper draws upon the earlier horizon scanning activity, which identified a set of trends, weak signals and wild cards, along with their implications for water resources in Russia. Based on this work, it identifies key factors and indicators, which may characterize future developments in the following domains: (i) the sustainability of water systems; (ii) water use by households and industry; and (iii) new water products and services. The evolution of variables and indicators will then be considered under the scenarios termed ‘Nearly perfect future’ (economic growth), ‘Problem conservation’ (economic stagnation), ‘Losses and accidents’ (economic depression), and ‘National priority’ trajectories. The paper concludes with a brief description of further research directions, including a discussion on the probability of the scenarios being implemented. Russian policy makers and water companies may use the scenarios to adapt (i.e. plan for timely responses), avert certain undesirable future developments, or approximate the visionary future of the sector.
, / National Research University Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Basic research program". 2015. No. 44.
The Foresight study presented in this paper is devoted to the sustainable use of water resources in Russia. The authors analyse possible trajectories of development in the three thematic areas (i) sustainability of water systems; (ii) water use by households and in industry; and (iii) new water products and services. The Foresight methods cover expert interviews ...
Added: August 31, 2015
, , , М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2015
В публикации представлены результаты форсайт-проекта «Исследование глобальных вызовов и долгосрочных тенденций инновационного развития в сфере водных ресурсов», реализованного Институтом статистических исследований и экономики знаний Национального исследовательского университета «Высшая школа экономики» при информационной и финансовой поддержке Группы компаний «Ренова». Исследование было сфокусировано на трех тематических областях: «Устойчивость водных систем», «Потребление воды домашними хозяйствами и в промышленности» и «Новые продукты и услуги в сфере ...
Added: March 14, 2016
, , Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 152-173
Purpose This paper focuses on the long-term situation with water resources, and water sector in particular, analyzed through a Foresight study. The authors attribute particular attention to implication for Russia, which is relatively better positioned regarding the availability of water resources. However, the country still faces challenges related to the protection of water resources, drinking ...
Added: January 25, 2017
, Foresight 2017 Vol. 19 No. 2 P. 139-151
Purpose – The purpose of the study is to present and critically assess the outcomes of the Foresight study of the Russian energy sector, undertaken in 2014 in the course of a large-scale national Foresight exercise – ‘Science and Technology (S&T) Foresight 2030’. Design/methodology/approach - Methods applied in the Foresight study include literature review, statistical, bibliometric ...
Added: January 25, 2017
, , , / НИУ ВШЭ. Series SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION "SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION". 2015. No. 35.
Water resources are crucial for the continuity of life. Humans and living species need fresh water for drinking and sanitation, while industries in most sectors of the economy need water for some part of production processes themselves. Access to fresh water is a grand challenge at the global level, mainly due to increasing water consumption, ...
Added: June 30, 2015
, , , Smart Energy 2021 Vol. 3 Article 100025
The global electric power industry is under pressure due to economic downturn, decreasing demand, lowering energy prices, and growing non-payments. National electric power industries face similar challenges. These challenges pose threats to many other sectors of economy due to ongoing digital transformation. The paper focuses on the Russian electric power industry future development trajectories, as ...
Added: June 7, 2021
, , Renewable Energy 2019 Vol. 143 P. 1670-1686
Today the global energy industry is undergoing major changes shifting towards the green growth and circular economy solutions. The paper offers the outcomes of the foresight study of the Russian renewable energy sector and focuses on three areas: converting solar energy into electricity; converting wind energy into electricity; and converting biomass into thermal energy and ...
Added: May 28, 2019
, , et al., Technological Forecasting and Social Change 2017 No. 119 P. 194-204
Developing competitive national shipbuilding industries is a strategic priority for many countries. Shipbuilding has evolved into a high tech industry over the last few decades that is strongly driven by customer needs and wishes. Consequently economic development of the industry is now far more complex than previously. International competition in the shipbuilding industry is very ...
Added: October 3, 2016
Improving the use of economic instruments for water management in the republic of buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin)
, P. : OECD Publishing, 2015
The given report contains the results of the analysis of instruments of water resources management (WRM) that exist in the international practices and the assessment of applicability of those potentially more efficient instruments in the Republic of Buryatia with the account of natural and institutional peculiarities of Buryatia and Russia on the whole. Conclusions of implemented ...
Added: October 22, 2015
, , , Energy 2020 Vol. 213 P. 118725
Cross-subsidy in electric power industry distorts normal pricing without achieving the goals of fair andequitable access to electricity for all and leads to wasteful electricity consumption. The paper focuses onthe analysis of cross-subsidy between the residential and non-residential (industry) electricity con-sumers in Russia and the establishment of economically and socially optimal prices. First, benefits anddeficiencies ...
Added: August 24, 2020
Civil society in modernising Russia. Analytical report of The Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Non-for-Profit Sector of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics” according to the results of a “Civil Society Index – CIVICUS” project
, , et al., M. : Higher School of Economics Publishing House, 2011
The report “Civil society in modernising Russia” is a concluding analytical document of the ‘Civil Society Index in Russia – CIVICUS’ project run by CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation. The report was prepared by The Centre for Studies of Civil Society and the Non-for-Profit Sector of the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, ...
Added: January 15, 2013
, Russia in Global Affairs 2011 Т. 9 № 4 С. 131-141
Over the long period of negotiations on Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), the most debated issue has been the possible consequences of this step for the national economy. Today, when this extensive process is, hopefully, coming to an end, there is an increased interest in other aspects of the problem that have ...
Added: February 25, 2013
, , Антиномии 2013 Т. 13 № 3 С. 78-95
The authors analyze economic crisis in Spain, which has influenced Spanish real estate sector very negatively, and give recommendations how to overcome it. Through analyzing the data of the Spanish-Russian relations, the authors reveal many potential possibilities for both parties in this sector. Special attention is given to problems of Russian tourism in Spain: the ...
Added: January 29, 2018
Friendly bureaucrats, formal rules and firms' investment decisions: evidence from a survey experiment in Russia
, , International Journal of Emerging Markets 2021 Vol. 16 No. 2 P. 347-369
This paper investigates the links between investment activity and personal contacts for small and medium-sized firms with public officials at the sub-national level in Russia. A list-experiment design, using a survey of 21,000 Russian firms in 2017, was used to evaluate the importance of personal connections with officials for conducting business. A total of 27% ...
Added: September 4, 2020
State-business relations and participation of firms in public procurement in Russia: an empirical study
, , Journal of Public Procurement 2012 Vol. 12 No. 4 P. 547-572
In this paper, we regard public procurement as an instrument used by the government for indirect support of enterprises. In this context, we have investigated the place that public procurement occupy in statebusiness interrelations. Using data from a large survey of Russian manufacturing enterprises conducted in 2009 we show that in Russia public procurement cannot ...
Added: September 11, 2012
, , М. : Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2017
В аналитическом докладе представлены результаты форсайт-проекта «Исследование глобальных вызовов и долгосрочных тенденций инновационного развития в сфере возобновляемых источников энергии», проведенного ИСИЭЗ НИУ ВШЭ при информационной и финансовой поддержке Группы компаний «Ренова». Исследование было сфокусировано на трех тематических областях: преобразование энергии солнца в электрическую; преобразование энергии ветра в электрическую; преобразование энергетической биомассы в тепловую и электрическую энергию. ...
Added: April 4, 2017
State-controlled "national champions" of the Russian banking market: Concentration, competitiveness, and efficiency
, / Social Science Research Network. Series "SSRN Working Paper Series". 2013. No. 2223686.
This paper tries to assess some of the effects from industrial policy of growing state-controlled "national champions" in the Russian banking industry. We look at market concentration and competitiveness and average bank efficiency. A modified method of calculating the indicators of market concentration suggests that main segments of the market have crossed the threshold of high ...
Added: February 25, 2013
Россия в глобальном мире. Сборник научных трудов 10-й Всероссийской научно-теоретической конференции
СПб. : Издательство Политехнического университета, 2012
Сборник содержит материалы по проблематике: Россия в условиях глобального кризиса: внутренние и внешние угрозы; эволюция взглядов на роль государства в экономии; модель многополюсного мира; преемственность политической власти в России: история и современность; опыт управления развитием по пути национального проектирования; энергетическая безопасность Запада как вызов России; перспективы вступления России в ВТО: экспертные оценки и прогнозы; Россия ...
Added: February 14, 2013
, Technological Forecasting and Social Change 2017 Vol. 119 P. 205-210
This paper offers a novel comprehensive conceptualization of Energy Technology Foresight (ETF) in emerging economies, including development trajectories, key methodological tools and elements, major challenges and weaknesses. ETF allows the emerging economies to provide the basis for government's energy policy, to create a common vision among the various actors and to strengthen R&D and innovation ...
Added: June 20, 2016
, , , Journal of Cleaner Production 2018 Vol. 170 P. 867-879
The grand challenge of accessing fresh water and sanitation is a global concern. The intensity of challenge depends on the geographical location as well as the level of socio-economic development of individual countries. The present paper first reviews the key water-related global trends and examines the global agenda on water issues. Next the focus is ...
Added: September 25, 2017
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2013. No. 19/STI/2013.
Currently the framework conditions for science and technology and innovation (STI) policy have changed significantly in Russia: a system of technology forecasting has been established, which focuses on ensuring the future needs of the manufacturing sector of the national economy. This system was supposed to be the main part of the state strategy planning system ...
Added: October 10, 2013
, , / ЦЭФИР и РЭШ. Series WP101-1 "Научные труды ЦЭФИР и РЭШ". 2007. No. 101.
The paper studies monetary policy in an economy, in which the manufacturing sector is ousted completely by the presence of a large natural resource industry. Thus, the economy produces only non-tradable goods, which can complement or substitute imported goods, and the primary shock to the economy comes from the ”uctuations in the world price of ...
Added: April 22, 2013
, Вестник Института социологии 2018 Т. 27 № 4 С. 44-63
his article1 examines shifts when it comes to employment among Russians during the financial-economic crisis years of 2014–2016, as well as during the years 2017–2018, which Russian scientists have already named the “period of negative post-crisis stabilization”. This article for the most part confirms said thesis. Despite obvious success in certain aspects (for example, unemployment around ...
Added: October 20, 2018
, International Journal of Public Health 2019 Vol. 64 No. 3 P. 413-422
Objectives The study examined the smokers’ non-compliance rates in indoor public places in Russia and the sociodemographic factors associated with non-compliance. Methods Univariate analysis and logistic regression models were performed using cross-sectional data from a representative sample of Russian adults (N = 4006). Results 27.2% of Russian smokers did not comply with smoke-free bans. Non-compliance was attributed to sociodemographic characteristics of smokers, ...
Added: February 15, 2019