Collusion and corruption: an experimental study of Russian police
The Handbook of Business and Corruption provides an overview of corrupt business practices in general and, more particularly, in different industry sectors, considering such practices from an ethical perspective.
Usually in service systems with bids for proceeding in the queue interactions between players are ignored, and symmetric information is assumed. The aim of this paper is to explore the influence of communication between players on the total amount of bribes. Preliminary results show that under imperfect information interactions in groups and the properties of the utility function and key parameters are relevant for the equilibrium level of corruption in the system.
This article presents a model of business organization in highly corrupted economy. In real life we always meet “big” firms who win the tender, and hire “little specialized firm” to realize the contract. Our model provides an explanation for puzzling fact why firms which win the government contract in auctions, need to hire someone else to realize the project. In our article Iwill try to show that a firm can use mixed strategy and the amount of bribe will decrease.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.