Beyond the Fregean Myth: The Value of Logical Values
The paper studies the intensity of realization of illocutionary force as one of the components of speech act illocutionary semantics and examines the specifics of its verbal representation in modern German. It provides a detailed analysis of verbal and non-verbal means of expressing illocutionary force intensification in speech acts of congratulations and wishes of recovery. It also examines linguocultural features of implementation of speech acts, which contain intensifiers of illocutionary force, in German media discourse.
H. Slater famously argued that there are no paraconsistent logics, inasmuch as paraconsistent negation is not a proper negation. Such a vivid attack has been variously replied, including an appropriate reply by J.Y. Beziau, where the author resorted to the same conceptual framework as Slater’s argument: the theory of opposition. Slater argues that, in order to overcome the view that everything follows from an inconsistent set of premises, some paraconsistentists unjustifiably neglect a crucial property of logical negation: to ban contradictions. The point is to shed new light upon the concepts Slater used in his argument to depict paraconsistency.
In this paper we introduce distinction between “ontologically non-fregean” logics and “pragmatically non-fregean” ones; by means of such distinction a classification of non-fregean logics is presented as well. We believe that NFL must be considered as a many-leveled structure; each level taken separately may vary in different way – from classical to non-classical. It is not these levels themselves that we should call “fregean” or “non-fregean”, but the ways they are stuck together within the whole system. The more levels a system has, the more kinds of “fregean” and “non-fregean” we can find in it.
The paper deals with the problem of identity in modal perspective. Two logical approaches – non-fregean logic (developed by R. Suszko) and rigid designation theory (developed by S. Kripke and others) – are compared. Despite of all their differences, these two theories treat the problem of identity in similar ways. So we can suppose that some vulnerable points of the former (namely, a problem connected with “slingshot argument” – a term coined by Jon Barwise and John Perry) are hidden in the later too. A variant of “slingshot argument” for kripkean theory is presented with a view to prevent a misinterpretation of main Kripke’s ideas
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.