Twelfth-Century Rise Of Spelling Reforms: The Ormulum And The First Grammatical Treatise
This article explores the way in which loanwords become incorporated into a recipient language. It concentrates on the interim period, the time between the borrowing of a new word from a donor language and its incorporation into a recipient language. During this period the new word still retains some of its “foreignness”, its associations with another language and culture, therefore its stylistic potential is enhanced. The material is taken from Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, an English poem written in the latter half of the 14th century, at the time of the greatest influx of French words into English. This article shows that the Gawain-poet uses gallicisms as an expressive part of his poetic technique due to their stylistic potential as what were at the time recent borrowings.
Abstract: The article focuses on the conceptualization and categorization of the concept DWELLING in the English-speaking worldview of the Middle English period (XI - XIV centuries). The chatacteristic features of the Medieval houses as well as people’s views about this segment of reality become apparent through the linguistic interpretation. Thus, the concept manifests itself in the mind and finds its representation within the frame of the nominative field of DWELLING, constituted of language units.
The article considers the development of word semantics during the Old- and Middle English periods and reflects the notion of DWELLING representing the onomaseological field of the aforementioned notion.
The paper reviews D.G. Miller's recent book, "External influences on English: From its beginnings to the Renaissance".