Постсоветское пространство как языковой проект: практики лингвокультурного строительства
Prezentowana monografia analizuje różne aspekty procesów integracyjnych i dezintegracyjnych na obszarze byłego ZSRR. Monografia prezentuje najbardziej aktualną refleksję nad problematyką przemian politycznych, gospodarczych, społeczno - kulturowych w transformujących się państwach obszaru poradzieckiego. Tom adresowany jest do socjologów , politologów, a także wszystkich zainteresowanych polityką oraz jej historycznymi i społecznymi podstawami.
The article "Russian Intelligentsia as a Historical and Social Phenomenon" is dedicated to the problems of the disappearance of the so called "intelligentsia" in the post-soviet society and the need to recreate it under new living and cultural conditions. The main purpose of the article is to make a careful and thorough analysis of the term "intelligentsia" not only from a strictly historical and social point of view, but, most important, from the standpoint of philosophy. The author arrives at a conclusion that intelligentsia should not be understood simply as a social group, but as a way of perceiving the reality and one's role on the stage of Russian society. The article is based upon a number of social studies published in professional journals over the last decade.
By the end of the 2000s, the term "resource curse" had become so widespread that it had turned into a kind of magic keyword, not only in the scholarly language of the social sciences, but also in the discourse of politicians, commentators and analysts all over the world-—like the term "modernization" in the early 1960s or "transition" in the early 1990s. In fact, the aggravation of many problems in the global economy and politics, against the background of the rally of oil prices in 2004–2008, became the environment for academic and public debates about the role of natural resources in general, and oil and gas in particular, in the development of various societies. The results of numerous studies do not give a clear answer to questions about the nature and mechanisms of the influence of the oil and gas abundance on the economic, political and social processes in various states and nations. However, the majority of scholars and observers agree that this influence in the most of countries is primarily negative. Resource Curse and Post-Soviet Eurasia: Oil, Gas, and Modernization is an in-depth analysis of the impact of oil and gas abundance on political, economic, and social developments of Russia and other post-Soviet states and nations (such as Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan). The chapters of the book systematically examine various effects of "resource curse" in different arenas such as state building, regime changes, rule of law, property rights, policy-making, interest representation, and international relations in theoretical, historical, and comparative perspectives. The authors analyze the role of oil and gas dependency in the evolution and subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union, authoritarian drift of post-Soviet countries, building of predatory state and pendulum-like swings of Russia from "state capture" of 1990s to "business capture" of 2000s, uneasy relationships between the state and special interest groups, and numerous problems of "geo-economics" of pipelines in post-Soviet Eurasia.
The author considers new tendencies in national languages development during globalization epoch, reveals the connection between socio-cultural and socio-linguistic changes and swift distribution of modern information technologies and pays special attention to the necessity of taking measures on languages protection from the destructive factors accompanying globalization process with the purpose of language variety preservation in the world and guaranteeing nations cultural traditions continuity.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.