### Working paper

## Morrison-Kawamata cone conjecture for hyperkahler manifolds

Let $A$ be an abelian surface over a finite field $k$. The $k$-isogeny class of $A$ is uniquely determined by a Weil polynomial $f_A$ of degree 4. We give a classification of the groups of $k$-rational points on varieties from this class in terms of $f_A$.

Toric geometry exhibited a profound relation between algebra and topology on one side and combinatorics and convex geometry on the other side. In the last decades, the interplay between algebraic and convex geometry has been explored and used successfully in a much more general setting: first, for varieties with an algebraic group action (such as spherical varieties) and recently for all algebraic varieties (construction of Newton-Okounkov bodies). The main goal of the conference is to survey recent developments in these directions. Main topics of the conference are: Theory of Newton polytopes and Newton-Okounkov bodies; Toric geometry, geometry of spherical varieties, Schubert calculus, geometry of moduli spaces; Tropical geometry and convex geometry; Real algebraic geometry and fewnomial theory; Polynomial vector fields and the Hilbert 16th problem.

Using the notion of isoclinism introduced by P. Hall for finite p-groups, we show that many important classes of finite p-groups have stable cohomology detected by abelian subgroups (see Theorem 11). Moreover, we show that the stable cohomology of the n-fold wreath product Gn=Z/p≀…≀Z/p of cyclic groups Z/p is detected by elementary abelian p-subgroups and we describe the resulting cohomology algebra explicitly. Some applications to the computation of unramified and stable cohomology of finite groups of Lie type are given.

The volume is dedicated to Stephen Smale on the occasion of his 80th birthday. Besides his startling 1960 result of the proof of the Poincaré conjecture for all dimensions greater than or equal to five, Smale’s ground breaking contributions in various fields in Mathematics have marked the second part of the 20th century and beyond. Stephen Smale has done pioneering work in differential topology, global analysis, dynamical systems, nonlinear functional analysis, numerical analysis, theory of computation and machine learning as well as applications in the physical and biological sciences and economics. In sum, Stephen Smale has manifestly broken the barriers among the different fields of mathematics and dispelled some remaining prejudices. He is indeed a universal mathematician. Smale has been honored with several prizes and honorary degrees including, among others, the Fields Medal(1966), The Veblen Prize (1966), the National Medal of Science (1996) and theWolf Prize (2006/2007).

I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables

We study unirational algebraic varieties and the fields of rational functions on them. We show that after adding a finite number of variables some of these fields admit an infinitely transitive model. The latter is an algebraic variety with the given field of rational functions and an infinitely transitive regular action of a group of algebraic automorphisms generated by unipotent algebraic subgroups. We expect that this property holds for all unirational varieties and in fact is a peculiar one for this class of algebraic varieties among those varieties which are rationally connected.

A Poisson pencil is called flat if all brackets of the pencil can be simultaneously locally brought to a constant form. Given a Poisson pencil on a 3-manifold, we study under which conditions it is flat. Since the works of Gelfand and Zakharevich, it is known that a pencil is flat if and only if the associated Veronese web is trivial. We suggest a simpler obstruction to flatness, which we call the curvature form of a Poisson pencil. This form can be defined in two ways: either via the Blaschke curvature form of the associated web, or via the Ricci tensor of a connection compatible with the pencil.

We show that the curvature form of a Poisson pencil can be given by a simple explicit formula. This allows us to study flatness of linear pencils on three-dimensional Lie algebras, in particular those related to the argument translation method. Many of them appear to be non-flat.

The article is devoted to a particular case of Ivrǐ's conjecture on periodic orbits of billiards. The general conjecture states that the set of periodic orbits of the billiard in a domain with smooth boundary in the Euclidean space has measure zero. In this article we prove that for any domain with piecewise C 4-smooth boundary in the plane the set of quadrilateral trajectories of the corresponding billiard has measure zero.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.