Natural Resources And Economic Growth In Russia’s Regions
In this paper we document the negative link between cities' age and their average wage in Russian dataset. This link is persistent after control-ling for geographical, demographic, economic, and environmental factors as well as for various years. This link is revealed especially for cities founded after the Soviet industrialization and for upper quantiles of cities by their average wages. The established fact is used for discussion of a number of hy-potheses as to spatial patterns of economic performance. It weighs against the increasing return hypothesis, in-stitutional hypoth-esis and simple geographical hypothesis. At the same time, it is basi-cally in line with the so-phisticated geographical hypothesis. Specically, changing spatial patterns of wage dierentials are explained by changing importance of natural resources and their proven deposits.
Find the content of the national wealth as the basis of its economic security and how protected criminal law values appear especially natural component of the national wealth, including such elements as the territory of the country, its geographical location, climate, land, water, atmospheric air, flora and fauna, resources. Suggestions to improve the relevant norms of criminal law and its application.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.