Moral notions has always had a great impact on reception of economics. The paper considers some basic elements of a moral opposition to economics and economic liberalism.
The idea of the high significance of Platonic studies for our comprehension many phenomena in politics, ideology and philosophy of the twentieth century and of our days is all played out. The social project of Plato was considered to be the paradigmatic model for totalitarian regimes of Nazi Germany and Bolshevik Russia or—recently—the only basis for the solution of all contemporary global problems. In this paper some of the main aspects of the analysis of “the social nature of Platonism” by the Russian philosopher and historian of philosophy Aleksey F. Losev (1893–1988) were discussed — predominately as this analysis is given in the outline of the same name, Social Nature of Platonism, included in The Outlines of Antique Symbolism and Mythology (1930).
The article examines the key notions of G. Vico’s doctrine of nature, anthropology and historical process by means of the category of modality in its interpretation by Nancy S. Struever. Our study is focused on the semantic shifts of socialitas, a concept extremely important for Vichian anthropology and philosophy of history, which were performed since Vico’s earlier De Constantia jurisprudentis to the NS 44. These shifts are placed in the context of a more general process, that of transformation and complication of the modality of the Neapolitan’s texts, conceptualizing the notion of history. In our opinion, this approach could not only explain the contradictory character of the sociality in the last New Science, but could open a larger perspective in Vichian studies. It seems that the comparative analysis of conceptions put forward in Vico’s earlier writings, and modal characteristics of the texts where these conceptions are laid down would be promising a task for future researchers. Such investigations would substantially enhance the study of the Modern political discourses.