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Working paper

Период раздельного обучения в СССР в 1943–1945 гг. и его отражение в литературе и кинематографе

Гончарова Г. Д.
Period of single sex education in the Soviet school history was short - only 11 years (1943-54). Nevertheless, it has left a significant mark not only in the educational system, but in culture as well. This reform has reflected more general processes, first of all, those which were related to the rethink of the official approach to the cultural, ideological and even political heritage of pre-revolutionary era. It can be expected that the style of soviet “school film” originated exactly in the single sex education period, when problems of education and its organization became to be perceived in the society as ones with independent value and turned out to be a discussion object. These films set a definite stylistic and conceptual ground for picturing of school in general in soviet cinema and literature. And, notwithstanding the fact the school has changed afterwards, authors of subsequent creations in one way or another appealed to the cultural canon of that period.