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Tag "research projects"

Researchers Reveal Genetic Predisposition to Severe COVID-19

Researchers Reveal Genetic Predisposition to Severe COVID-19
HSE University researchers have become the first in the world to discover genetic predisposition to severe COVID-19. The results of the study were published in the journal Frontiers in Immunology.

Researchers Identify the Most Important Skills in Entrepreneurial Education

Researchers Identify the Most Important Skills in Entrepreneurial Education
As part of the series, ‘Modern Analytics of Education’, the Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Center has released a report entitled ‘Entrepreneurship Training in Universities in Russia and the World’. Based on a review of best practices, the authors identified 71 skills that are fostered in entrepreneurial education abroad. The researchers selected 63 programmes and courses from 44 universities and 24 countries for analysis.

‘In the Blink of an Eye’ Statistics: People Estimate Size of the Set of Objects Based on Distance to Them

‘In the Blink of an Eye’ Statistics: People Estimate Size of the Set of Objects Based on Distance to Them
HSE University researchers Yuri Markov and Natalia Tiurina discovered that when people visually estimate the size of objects, they are also able to consider their distance from the observer, even if there are many such objects. The observers rely not only on the objects’ retinal representation, but also on the surrounding context. The paper was published in the journal Acta Psychologica.

From Total Control to Reasonable Supervision: How Parental Control Affects the Success of Older Secondary School Students

From Total Control to Reasonable Supervision: How Parental Control Affects the Success of Older Secondary School Students
Children from families with high incomes and whose parents hold university degrees have a better chance of going to university. Parental involvement in the education process, however, does not have an impact on the decrease in equal access to higher education for students. This was the conclusion reached by experts from HSE University’s Center for Institutional Studies.

Predicting Grammatical Properties of Words Helps Us Read Faster

Predicting Grammatical Properties of Words Helps Us Read Faster
Psycholinguists from the HSE Centre for Language and Brain found that when reading, people are not only able to predict specific words, but also words’ grammatical properties, which helps them to read faster. Researchers have also discovered that predictability of words and grammatical features can be successfully modelled with the use of neural networks. The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.

How Academic Dishonesty Seeps into the Workplace

How Academic Dishonesty Seeps into the Workplace
How does academic dishonesty of students correlate with honesty in further work? A group of scientists, including Evgenia Shmeleva, Research Fellow at the HSE Institute of Education, conducted research answering this question. During an open online seminar of a research group dedicated to ‘Academic Ethics in the Educational Context,’ Evgenia Shmeleva presented ‘Does Academic Dishonesty Seep into the Workplace? Evidence from a Longitudinal Study,’ which was prepared jointly with Igor Chirikov (University of California at Berkeley-HSE University) and Prashant Loyalka (Stanford University-HSE University)

Brain Activity Can Reveal the Severity of Autistic Traits

Brain Activity Can Reveal the Severity of Autistic Traits
A team of researchers from Russia and Israel applied a new algorithm to classify the severity of autistic personality traits by studying subjects’ brain activity. The article ‘Brief Report: Classification of Autistic Traits According to Brain Activity Recoded by fNIRS Using ε-Complexity Coefficients’ is published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Planning for Babies: How Many Children Russian Families Would Like to Have

Planning for Babies: How Many Children Russian Families Would Like to Have
Over the past quarter-century, the socially accepted reproductive norm has hardly changed in Russia: most people still believe that two children per family is the ideal. The reality, however, is more diverse, and both largeand childfree families are increasingly commonplace. A new study by HSE demographers looks at changes in public opinion in Russia between 1995 and 2019 concerning the optimal number of children in the family.

Ageing Forever: How Ageing of Population Affects Economics

Ageing Forever: How Ageing of Population Affects Economics
The ageing population may turn into a serious challenge despite seniors' improving physical and mental health. Rostislav Kapelyushnikov, Deputy Director of the HSE Center for Labor Market Studies and Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, looked into the causes and possible consequences of falling birth rates and longer life expectancy.

Experiment Shows How Our Visual System Avoids Overloading

Experiment Shows How Our Visual System Avoids Overloading
Russian researchers from HSE University have studied a hypothesis regarding the capability of the visual system to automatically categorize objects (i.e., without requiring attention span). The results of a simple and beautiful experiment confirmed this assumption. The paper was published in the journal Scientific Reports. The study was supported by a Russian Science Foundation grant.