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Tag "IQ"

Russian Elites Are Unlikely to Embrace Democracy

The future generation of Russia's political managers is unlikely to embrace a democratic society, regardless of the protests emerging in the country today, the study 'Russian Elites-2020' shows.

Immigrant Capitals of Europe, from London to Moscow

London is the most ‘immigrant’ among European capitals: 40% of its population comes from other countries. Paris has 20%, 17,4% in Madrid, and 15% in Moscow. Ethnicity plays a higher role the lower the immigrants’ social level is, says Daria Bityukova in her study published in the HSE online journal Demoscope Weekly.

Prosecutors, Judges, and Repressive Sentencing

Informal alliances between prosecutors and judges contribute to the repressive sentencing that is characteristic of Russia's criminal justice. The underlying factor is that the prosecutor's career depends on his or her conviction rate, while the judge usually seeks to avoid appeals, according to Alexander Libman, André Schulz, and Vladimir Kozlov.

One-Third of Russians Prefer Informal Employment

The informal labour market is growing in Russia. An increasing number of people are moving to the informal economy because they do not trust government institutions and do not receive the public benefits they are entitled to as taxpayers. 'Shadowed from Regulation: Informality in the Russian Labor Markets, Its Dynamics, Extent, and Consequences' is a paper by Vladimir Gimpelson.

Corruption Weighed by Post-Material Values

If the majority of a country’s population moved from values of survival to values of self-expression, individuals with both types of values will try to avoid corrupt behaviour. But if, as in Russia, values of survival prevail in society, individuals with values of self-expression are inclined to act corruptly. This is the conclusion of a study by Maria Kravtsova and Alexey Oshchepkov.

Academic Analysis of the Russian Protests

The burst of political life in Moscow and other Russian regions in 2011-2012 led to a number of academic studies, both in Russia and internationally. The results and conclusions made by researchers show how diverse the nature of Russian protest activity is.

About Rome and the Romans

Management researcher Arie Y. Lewin's special lecture on multinational companies adjusting to the local mentality in the entry into new markets.

Friendship between Pilots Decreases Flight Safety

Abolishing piece-work payment for pilots and the reduction of using fixed pilots combinations could help to improve air transportation safety, according to Anton Nakonechny in his recent study.

Laughter and Protest

The fun-loving nature of the 2011-2012 protests in Russia offered a stark contrast to what happened at the rallies of the 1980s and 1990s. Svetlana Shomova studied the key features of the self-made, humorous banners and methods used at the protests.

As Revenues Grow, the Middle Class Thinks More about the Country

The ‘lower’ middle class is focused on family. The ‘upper’ is focused on social changes. As the level of social self-determination grows, the middle class is changing its motivation for engaging in social activity. A study by Alla Kupreychenko.