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Tag "IQ"

Friendship between Pilots Decreases Flight Safety

Abolishing piece-work payment for pilots and the reduction of using fixed pilots combinations could help to improve air transportation safety, according to Anton Nakonechny in his recent study.

Laughter and Protest

The fun-loving nature of the 2011-2012 protests in Russia offered a stark contrast to what happened at the rallies of the 1980s and 1990s. Svetlana Shomova studied the key features of the self-made, humorous banners and methods used at the protests.

As Revenues Grow, the Middle Class Thinks More about the Country

The ‘lower’ middle class is focused on family. The ‘upper’ is focused on social changes. As the level of social self-determination grows, the middle class is changing its motivation for engaging in social activity. A study by Alla Kupreychenko.

War is Going out of Fashion

With rising incomes, people are less accepting of war. In recent decades in Russia, as in many countries around the world, the number of citizens willing to give their lives for their country has declined. These are findings of joint research by Ronald Inglehart and HSE.

Freedom and Democracy from Catholic and Orthodox Perspectives

The ideas of freedom and democracy are at the core of the most successful parts of human civilization today. Can modern Catholicism and Orthodoxy find a way to unite around these ideas? Maxim Bogachev from the HSE raised this question in his paper to the HSE April Conference.

Workplaces Under the Press of Election Technologies

Traditionally, the falsification of an election involves filling ballot boxes with fake ballot papers. International researchers at the HSE analyzed another mechanism which can be used to distort the election process: pressure on employers and employees. The following is a review of a paper by Timothy Frye, Ora John Reuter, and David Szakonyi.

Russians Slide to Greed and Suspicion

Russians are more concerned about material success than self-realization, in spite of a global shift from survival values to self-expression values. ‘Happiness in Russia in Comparative Perspective’, is a paper by Edouard Ponarin, Director of the HSE Laboratory for Comparative Social Research (LCSR).

Labour Law: A Barrier to Both Hiring and Laying Off

Compared with large companies, small and medium-sized businesses in Russia find it easier to avoid complying with the country’s strict labor legislation because they are able to skirt its regulations. Meanwhile, large companies, which ensure theyabide by the law, offsettheir extra costs by paying lower wages. Here are some findings from 'Employment Legislation as a Factor of Employer Behaviour', a research paper by Olga Mironenko, a researcher at the HSE Laboratory for Labour Market Studies (LIRT).

The Economic Geography of Russia’s Orphanages

Religion, social welfare, and the quantity of orphanages are the most important factors influencing the number of orphans in Russian provinces. ‘Regional Differences in the Number of Orphans in Today's Russia’ is a report authored by Sergei Vinkov.

'New' Economy Ignored by Statistics

Official statistics fail to capture – in fact, they simply ignore – the development of Russia’s high-tech industry. This distorts macroeconomic indicators and negatively impacts the quality of the government's decisions. Vladimir Bessonov, Head of HSE Expert Institute's Laboratory for Studies of Inflation and Economic Growth, has authored the report: 'In Search of Information and Communication Technologies: The Quirks of Russian Statistics and Economic Measurements'.