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Tag "IQ"

Objectivity and Beyond

Objectivity and Beyond
What role has objectivity played in the history of science and what role does it play today? How are innovations in science possible? What is the interrelation between research practices, epistemic virtues, and the scientific self? Alex Pleshkov and Jan Surman discuss these and many other questions with Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison, the authors of Objectivity, one of the most important books of the 21st century in the field of the history of knowledge.

Financial Front: The USSR State Budget during World War II

Financial Front: The USSR State Budget during World War II
After June 1941, the Soviet budget was no longer the same. Marking the end of peaceful life, budget revenues dwindled, and the Treasury was drained of billions of rubles. But because the war required money, the government had to find it from somewhere. Oleg Khlevnyuk, Professor at the HSE University’s School of History, examines the Soviet Union’s wartime and post-war financial policies in his paper.

Russian Men Left Without ‘Fatherhood Wage Premium’

Russian Men Left Without ‘Fatherhood Wage Premium’
Not much is known about fathers on the Russian labour market. It has often been claimed that they earn more than their childless peers. However, new research states that there is no such ‘premium’ for being a father in Russia. Nevertheless, men with kids still have higher salaries. 

Russian Scientists Predicted Increased Unrest in the United States back in 2010

Russian Scientists Predicted Increased Unrest in the United States back in 2010
Beginning in May 2020, after the police killing of George Floyd, ‘Black Lives Matter’ demonstrations and riots engulfed the United States, the United Kingdom, and several European countries. Though Mr. Floyd’s killing served as the immediate catalyst for the unrest, many scholars suggest that the COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting economic crisis played a deeper, more pivotal role in creating conditions that led to the protests.

Russia’s Regions and Their Preferences for Strong Alcohol

Russia’s Regions and Their Preferences for Strong Alcohol
Since 2010, Russia has been consistently pursuing an anti-alcohol policy. Its goal is to reduce the burden of disease and deaths due to alcohol consumption. The official figures show that, over the last decade the population has started drinking less, leaning towards wine and beer instead of vodka.

Millennials Are Major Drivers of Sharing Economy

Millennials Are Major Drivers of Sharing Economy
The sharing economy involves shared use of assets and services. This means that users do not need to purchase or own them outright. Assets can be exchanged, borrowed or leased. But not everyone is ready for this model. What factors determine whether or not someone is willing to participate in the sharing economy?

Coronavirus Was Brought into Russia at Least 67 Times

Coronavirus Was Brought into Russia at Least 67 Times
Many people in Russia believe that they had COVID-19 as early as December 2019 or January 2020. Is it possible to find out when the epidemic really started in Russia and where it came from? Bioinformatics provides an answer.

Mathematics of Natural Choices: The Borda Count and Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives

Mathematics of Natural Choices: The Borda Count and Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives
Eric Maskin spoke at a recent research seminar held by the Centre in which he proposed a modified independence of irrelevant alternatives condition (IIA) and demonstrated that the voting rule satisfies modified IIA, Arrow’s other conditions, and May’s axioms if and only if it is the Borda count, i.e., rank-order voting. Fuad Aleskerov discussed how this affected the collective choice theory, elaborating on various choice models, starting from the Condorcet paradox.

Alcoholism Treatment Is Potentially Effective against COVID-19

Alcoholism Treatment Is Potentially Effective against COVID-19
A team of chemists from HSE University and the Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry used molecular modelling to find out that two medications that have been known for a long time can be used to fight SARS-CoV-2. One of them is used to treat alcohol addiction, and the other is for cancer.

A Strong-Willed Population: How Russians’ Personal Qualities Influence Their Income Level

A Strong-Willed Population: How Russians’ Personal Qualities Influence Their Income Level
Russians who are open to new experience, conscientious, and emotionally stable have better chances of achieving professional and financial success. This is the finding of a study conducted by HSE researchers that analyzed the impact of personal qualities on the behavior of Russian citizens of various social and economic groups. The study was based on a vast range of data collected from 2000 to 2016.