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Tag "IQ"

How the Human Brain Works During Simultaneous Interpretation

Researchers at the Centre for Bioelectric Interfaces and the Centre for Cognition & Decision Making of the Higher School of Economics utilized electroencephalogram (EEG) and the event-related potential (ERP) technique to study neural activity during simultaneous interpretation of continuous prose. Using event-related potentials as an index of depth of attention to the sounding fragment, the researchers assessed the competition between memory and auditory perception during simultaneous interpretation. The results of the study were published in the journal PLoS ONE.

Procrastination at the Top Level: How Top Managers Use Their Time

Procrastination at the Top Level: How Top Managers Use Their Time
A study by HSE psychologists has proven that top managers use their time more effectively than middle managers. They have lower procrastination levels and focus more on the future.

What Influences a Person’s Psychological Boundaries?

What Influences a Person’s Psychological Boundaries?
Professor Sofya Nartova-Bochaver of the HSE School of Psychology and colleagues from universities in Armenia and China conducted a comparative analysis of the psychological boundaries of individuals living in different countries. The results indicate that age and sex play a greater role in the formation of those boundaries than culture does.

Neural Network Taught to Detect Age and Gender by Video Almost 20% More Accurately

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have created a technology to help neural networks identify certain people on video, detecting their age and gender more quickly and accurately. The development has already become the basis for offline detection systems in Android mobile apps. The results of the study were published in an article entitled ‘Video-based age and gender recognition in mobile applications’ .

Clearly Defined Roles for Girls: How Kindergartens Serve as Gendergartens

Clearly Defined Roles for Girls: How Kindergartens Serve as Gendergartens
Sociologists at HSE showed that preschool education has its own hidden curriculum: kindergarten teachers transmit social norms to children, including conservative ideas of femininity and masculinity. Girls are expected to have “proper” character and behavior, to be obedient and pretty, take an interest in music and dance, and to like the color pink.

Fewer than Half of the Countries Provide Tuition-free Pre-primary Education

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and UCLA Fielding School of Public Health’s WORLD Policy Analysis Center have found that 45% of countries, with only 15% of low-income countries, provide tuition-free pre-primary education. The results of the study will be published in the December 2018 issue of International Organisations Research Journal.

Study Finds GABA Cells Help Fight Alcoholism

Study Finds GABA Cells Help Fight Alcoholism
Scientists of the Higher School of Economics, Indiana University, and École normale supérieure clarified how alcohol influences the dopamine and inhibitory cells in the midbrain that are involved in the reward system and the formation of dependency on addictive drugs. The results of the study were published in the article ‘Dynamical ventral tegmental area circuit mechanisms of alcohol-dependent dopamine release’. 

Number of Dementia Sufferers Worldwide Grew by 117% in 26 Years

An international group of collaborating scientists that includes HSE Professor Vasily Vlasov has analyzed data from 195 countries on the spread of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementia between 1990 and 2016. The results have been published in the journal The Lancet Neurology.

Researchers Investigate Why Older People Read More Slowly

Researchers Investigate Why Older People Read More Slowly
One of the most obvious changes that comes with ageing is that people start doing things more slowly. Numerous studies have shown that ageing also affects language processing. Even neurologically healthy people speak, retrieve words and read more slowly as they get older. But is this slowdown inevitable? Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have been working to answer this question in their article ‘No evidence for strategic nature of age-related slowing in sentence processing’.

Post-urban Development: Why Contemporary Megacities Have Lost City Features

Post-urban Development: Why Contemporary Megacities Have Lost City Features
A contemporary city expands; it is stitched together with communications, but lacks integrity. Districts, urban communities and practices are so heterogeneous, that they often don’t interact with each other. A united space is split into fragments. Communication is replaced with alienation. Dmitry Zamyatin, geographer and researcher of culture, chief research fellow at the HSE Graduate School of Urbanism, called this phenomenon a ‘post-city’. The scholar spoke to IQ.HSE about this issue.