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Tag "IQ"

Biologists Discover Method for Early Detection of Parkinson’s

Biologists Discover Method for Early Detection of Parkinson’s
Scientists at the Higher School of Economics and the Russian Academy of Science’s Koltsov Institute of Developmental Biology have developed a new methodology for identifying biomarkers (indicators) of both early- and late-stage Parkinson’s disease. Their findings were published in the journal Molecular Neurobiology.

How Gender Inequality Is Reproduced on Social Media

How Gender Inequality Is Reproduced on Social Media
Researchers from Higher School of Economics analyzed 62 million public posts on the most popular Russian social networking site VK and found that both men and women mention sons more often than daughters. They also found that posts featuring sons receive 1.5 times more likes. The results have been published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

Does the Migrants' Education Level Affect Wage Convergence in Russian Regions?

Experts from the Higher School of Economics have determined that the domestic migration increases the speed of wage convergence Russian Regions. Further, the impact of migration on this process depends on migrants’ education level. The results of the HSE study were published in the journal Issues in Economics (Voprosy ekonomiki).

How the Human Brain Works During Simultaneous Interpretation

Researchers at the Centre for Bioelectric Interfaces and the Centre for Cognition & Decision Making of the Higher School of Economics utilized electroencephalogram (EEG) and the event-related potential (ERP) technique to study neural activity during simultaneous interpretation of continuous prose. Using event-related potentials as an index of depth of attention to the sounding fragment, the researchers assessed the competition between memory and auditory perception during simultaneous interpretation. The results of the study were published in the journal PLoS ONE.

Procrastination at the Top Level: How Top Managers Use Their Time

Procrastination at the Top Level: How Top Managers Use Their Time
A study by HSE psychologists has proven that top managers use their time more effectively than middle managers. They have lower procrastination levels and focus more on the future.

What Influences a Person’s Psychological Boundaries?

What Influences a Person’s Psychological Boundaries?
Professor Sofya Nartova-Bochaver of the HSE School of Psychology and colleagues from universities in Armenia and China conducted a comparative analysis of the psychological boundaries of individuals living in different countries. The results indicate that age and sex play a greater role in the formation of those boundaries than culture does.

Neural Network Taught to Detect Age and Gender by Video Almost 20% More Accurately

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have created a technology to help neural networks identify certain people on video, detecting their age and gender more quickly and accurately. The development has already become the basis for offline detection systems in Android mobile apps. The results of the study were published in an article entitled ‘Video-based age and gender recognition in mobile applications’ .

Clearly Defined Roles for Girls: How Kindergartens Serve as Gendergartens

Clearly Defined Roles for Girls: How Kindergartens Serve as Gendergartens
Sociologists at HSE showed that preschool education has its own hidden curriculum: kindergarten teachers transmit social norms to children, including conservative ideas of femininity and masculinity. Girls are expected to have “proper” character and behavior, to be obedient and pretty, take an interest in music and dance, and to like the color pink.

Fewer than Half of the Countries Provide Tuition-free Pre-primary Education

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and UCLA Fielding School of Public Health’s WORLD Policy Analysis Center have found that 45% of countries, with only 15% of low-income countries, provide tuition-free pre-primary education. The results of the study will be published in the December 2018 issue of International Organisations Research Journal.

Study Finds GABA Cells Help Fight Alcoholism

Study Finds GABA Cells Help Fight Alcoholism
Scientists of the Higher School of Economics, Indiana University, and École normale supérieure clarified how alcohol influences the dopamine and inhibitory cells in the midbrain that are involved in the reward system and the formation of dependency on addictive drugs. The results of the study were published in the article ‘Dynamical ventral tegmental area circuit mechanisms of alcohol-dependent dopamine release’.