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Tag "space"

Microgravity Changes Brain Connectivity: What Happens to the Human Brain in Weightlessness

An international team of Russian and Belgian researchers has found out that space travel has a significant impact on the brain: they discovered that cosmonauts demonstrate changes in  brain connectivity related to perception and movement. Some areas, such as regions in the insular and parietal cortices, work more synchronously with other brain areas after the space flight. On the other hand,  connectivity of some other regions, such as the cerebellum and vestibular nuclei,  decreases. The results of the study were published in Frontiers in Physiology.

Russian Scientists Discover One of the Mechanisms of Water Formation on the Moon

Russian Scientists Discover One of the Mechanisms of Water Formation on the Moon
The results of recent study conducted by the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, the agency’s automatic interplanetary station, show the existence of a ‘permafrost’ near the poles of the Moon with a relatively high content of water ice (up to 5% by weight). It is believed that water ice could supply a life support system for the future Russian Lunar Station and that it could also produce hydrogen-oxygen fuel for flights into deep space.

Researchers Determine Space Weather near Earth’s Closest Exoplanet

Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and Space Research Institute (Russia) have calculated the main parameters that determine space weather close to the nearest Earth-like exoplanet, Proxima Centauri b. Such parameters include solar wind, as well as galactic and solar cosmic rays. The results of the research were published in Astronomy Letters.

Not Getting Lost in Space: Why It’s Important to Learn to Detect Signals from Neutron Stars

Not Getting Lost in Space: Why It’s Important to Learn to Detect Signals from Neutron Stars
The big scanning antenna at the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory logs almost 90 GB of data every day. The data are usually processed by the astronomers manually. Vladimir Samodurov and Alexander Gorbunov, researchers at the HSE Faculty of Business and Management, decided to relieve the scholars from this hard work and give this job to neural networks. They shared the results of their work in the paper ‘Perspectives of intellectual processing of large volumes of astronomical data using neural networks’.

Smartphones Сome in Handy for the Rare Cosmic Particles Search

Smartphones Сome in Handy for the Rare Cosmic Particles Search
Researchers from the Laboratory of Methods for Big Data Analysis (LAMBDA) at the Higher School of Economics have improved their way of analyzing ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with the use of mobile phones. The work has been carried out as part of the CRAYFIS experiment and the results were presented at the 22nd International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics.

Article on Assessment of Asteroid and Comet Hazard in Solar System Research Journal

The article Methods and Means of Information – Analitical  Assessement of Asteroid and Comet Hazard by the researchers of the Laboratory of Space Research, Technologies, Systems, and Processes headed by Vladimir Kulagin, was published in Solar System Research Journal.

HSE Professors on How to Protect Spaceships

At the end of July, Professor Andrey Tyutnev of HSE’s Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics  (MIEM) became the only Russian presenter at the13th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference organized in California under the auspices of NASA. Professor Tyutnev presented two reports prepared with colleagues from the Higher School of Economics and the Lavochkin Research and Production Association.

Asteroid Threat Discussed at HSE MIEM

How dangerous are asteroids for the Earth? What technologies can we use to protect the planet? These and other questions were discussed at a two-day seminar ‘The Solar System and the Asteroid Threat’ at HSE MIEM.

The Solar System and the Asteroid Threat

On September 11-13, 2013, an international seminar “The Solar System and the Asteroid Threat” will take place at the HSE. Mark Boslough, Professor at the University of New Mexico and a member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories, and Roberto Furfaro, Professor at the University of Arizona and the head of the Space Systems Engineering Laboratory, will speak on the issues. The event is being organized by the Research Laboratory of Space Research, Technologies, Systems, and Processes at the HSE. Mark Boslough gave a special interview to the HSE news service.

KinetX Aerospace Joins the HSE to Research Planetary Defense

A recently signed Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) solidifies a new phase of the ongoing relationship between KinetX and the HSE and the success these organizations achieved over the past year on a MegaGrant contract. Joint efforts will help track potentially dangerous asteroids and explore other interplanetary space projects.