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Tag "economics"

Expecting to Be Cheated: Who Russian Consumers Are Wary of, and Why

Expecting to Be Cheated: Who Russian Consumers Are Wary of, and Why
Russians do not believe they can protect their consumer rights. They also put no faith in the government and distrust both retailers and producers. Such sentiments adversely affect attitudes towards the political system, said sociologist Regina Resheteeva in a study of data from the Higher School of Economics’ Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) and a survey of more than 500 Muscovites.

Relatively Unhappy: How Strict Labour Laws Reduce Workers’ Happiness

Relatively Unhappy: How Strict Labour Laws Reduce Workers’ Happiness
Temporary or informally employed people are less satisfied with their lives than those with a permanent job. The most apparent differences can be seen in countries with strict labour laws. Tatiana Karabchuk and Natalia Soboleva investigated the legislative impact on the social well-being of employed populations in European countries and Russia.

Economists and Researchers Gather at International Conference on Wealth and Income in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries

Economists and Researchers Gather at International Conference on Wealth and Income in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries
On September 17-18, HSE University hosted a special conference with the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth (IARIW) on the topic of Experiences and Challenges in Measuring Income and Wealth in Eastern Europe and CIS Countries. This was the first IARIW conference to be held in a CIS country. HSE News Service spoke with American economist Barbara Fraumeni about her work with economic accounting and human capital and her experience attending the conference in Moscow.

Ghost of Recession: Why It Is Haunting Russia's Economy

Ghost of Recession: Why It Is Haunting Russia's Economy
This year, a slowdown is expected in the Russian economy. According to some forecasts, the country will enter recession in 2021 or possibly even earlier. However, according to the HSE Centre for Business Tendencies Studies (CBTS), there are no noticeable signs of recession at the moment. This article looks at what keeps Russia's economy from picking up pace and why slowdowns are a possibility, according to the HSE CBTS.

‘Green’ Taxes: An Analysis of Climate Policy Effectiveness

‘Green’ Taxes: An Analysis of Climate Policy Effectiveness
It is believed that carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere are mainly regulated by ‘direct’ economic instruments - the carbon tax and the Emissions Trading System (ETS). However, a comparative analysis has shown that ‘indirect’ instruments, such as excise taxes on motor fuel and other energy taxes, did not yield any lesser impact than their ‘direct’ counterparts, and, over time, were even more effective.

‘Green’ Taxes: An Analysis of Climate Policy Effectiveness

‘Green’ Taxes: An Analysis of Climate Policy Effectiveness
It is believed that carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere are mainly regulated by ‘direct’ economic instruments - the carbon tax and the Emissions Trading System (ETS). However, a comparative analysis has shown that ‘indirect’ instruments, such as excise taxes on motor fuel and other energy taxes, did not yield any lesser impact than their ‘direct’ counterparts, and, over time, were even more effective. This is the conclusion drawn by HSE researcher Ilya Stepanov in his article, ‘Taxes in the Energy Sector and Their Role in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions’.

What Countries Sell: Russia's Place in World Trade

What Countries Sell: Russia's Place in World Trade
International trade is an area of conflict and changing standards. Economic leaders give way to new players, and digital technologies rewrite industry rules. The status of world trade and Russia's prospects are covered in a report prepared by experts from the HSE University'sCentre for Structural Policy Research and Institute for Trade Policy.

Inequality in Russia. Part One

Inequality in Russia. Part One
Russia is one of the world's top countries in terms of wealth concentration in the hands of the richest few: more than 70% of the country's financial and non-financial assets are owned by 5% of its citizens. At the HSE's 20th April International Conference in Moscow, Svetlana Mareeva and Ekaterina Slobodenyuk presented their findings from a study of inequalities in Russia in the global context. 

Inequality in Russia. Part Two

Inequality in Russia. Part Two
While income and wealth disparities define Russia as a country of deep inequalities, other indicators such as access to education and life expectancy improve its negative image. Back to the paper by Svetlana Mareeva and Ekaterina Slobodenyuk presented at the HSE's 20th April International Conference, this time focusing on Russia's position in global statistics on (in)equality of opportunity.

Majority of CIS Economies Halt Growth

Majority of CIS Economies Halt Growth
Experts from the HSE Centre for Business Tendency Studies (CBTS) analysed for the first time the growth of the manufacturing industry in CIS countries between 2004 and 2016. It was conducted within the framework of a regional project of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance for policy-relevant analysis in CIS countries”.