This paper describes the experience of the application of the design approach which is used in the HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in the teaching of accounting (financial) accounting, auditing, economic analysis. The stages of a complex project, as benefits of this approach and the problems that arise.
The paper the model is considered, allowing to receive realization of an operating time of an electronic component for the set model of its operation. The model was obtained within the limits of those limitations and assumptions that are adopted in regulatory documents on the reliability of electronic components.
Cultures are never static. Cultures change and evolve in response to a number of factors and in a bidirectional way they also change individuals even as individuals change cultures as a consequence of globalization, rapid urbanization and industrialization in many countries and settings. Some of the cultural characteristics and inherent traits in individuals are more pronetochangesthanothers.Theimpactofoneculture on another depends upon a number of factors, such as the purpose of such contact degree and the duration of this contact. If one culture invades another for political and economic reasons, the outcome is likely to be different and may lead to deculturation than if the contact is through media at a distance where changes may be slow rather than sudden. Berry, in this chapter, deﬁnes acculturation as a process of cultural and psychological change in cultural groups, families and individuals following intercultural contact. Cultural identity refers to the ways in which individuals establish and maintain connections with, and a sense of belonging to, various groups. Embedded within cultural identity are microidentities of the individual such as gender, religion, sexual orientation etc. some of which can be hidden and others are obvious. The processes and outcomes of these processes are highly variable, with large group and individual diﬀerences. This chapter focuses on describingsomeoftheseprocesses,thestrategiespeople use to deal with them, and the adaptations that result. Three questions are raised: how do individuals and groups seek to acculturate? How well do they succeed? Are there any relationships between how they go about acculturation and their psychological and sociocultural success? Berry notes that the commonest strategy is integration (deﬁned as preferring to maintain one’s cultural heritage while seeking to participate in the life of the larger society), rather than assimilation, separation or marginalization which is likely to be most adaptive.
The chapter presents the results of the research of aculturation of migrants in Eastern European countries
In Christoph, Prokhorov and Ulyanov (Theory Probab Appl 40(2):250–260, 1996) we studied properties of high-dimensional Gaussian random vectors. Yuri Vasil’evich Prokhorov initiated these investigations. In the present paper we continue these investigations. Computable error bounds of different orders with respect to n for the approximations of sample correlation coefficients and the angle between high-dimensional Gaussian vectors by the standard normal law are obtained. We give some numerical results as well. Moreover, different types of Bartlett corrections are suggested.
The chapter discusses the possibilities and limitations of different policy measures aimed at promoting behavior change at a large-group scale.
We consider an undirected multi(commodity)flow demand problem in which a supply graph is planar, each source-sink pair is located on one of three specified faces of the graph, and the capacities and demands are integer-valued and Eulerian. It is known that such a problem has a solution if the cut and (2,3)-metric conditions hold, and that the solvability implies the existence of an integer solution. We develop a purely combinatorial strongly polynomial solution algorithm.
Due to the need to reindustrialize the domestic industry at the post-industrial stage of development, it has become necessary to implement megaprojects aiming at the qualitative makeover of the national economy. The purpose of this paper is to develop an industrial megaproject risk management model and methodological support based on a comparative analysis of existing approaches and using Russian and international experience. The research has resulted in two megaproject risk management models: a fragmentary model and a comprehensive one. A risk mitigation potential analysis for ongoing megaprojects has been performed confirming the efficiency of use of the comprehensive megaproject risk management model. The suggested comprehensive risk management model allows taking into consideration the main distinctive feature of modern megaprojects, i.e. multiplicity of management entities operating on the basis of the partnership principle.
This paper studies “informal” new media uses, from a critical and empirical perspective, by employing relevant literature on the promises of new media and everyday life culture, and by interviewing various people engaged with different in-formal new media/ICT activities. By new media and ICTs, I refer to portable, mass-produced and consumed digital devices (for example, tablets, smartphones, or laptops among other), and a variety of software programs and applications that enable individuals to do things on their own or with others. I am also including digital portals, platforms, the so-called social media, communica-tional networks, as well as peer-to-peer structures and open-source/free software systems and licenses enabled by digital technologies. These elements bring im-portant changes to social life; they alter the ways in which we perceive the world, the ways we work, the ways we inform ourselves and learn new skills, and the ways that politics are performed by authorities and by citizens.
Robot navigation through crowds poses a difficult challenge to AI systems, since the methods should result in fast and efficient movement but at the same time are not allowed to compromise safety. Most approaches to date were focused on the combination of pathfinding algorithms with machine learning for pedestrian walking prediction. More recently, reinforcement learning techniques have been proposed in the research literature. In this paper, we perform a comparative evaluation of pathfinding/prediction and reinforcement learning approaches on a crowd movement dataset collected from surveillance videos taken at Grand Central Station in New York. The results demonstrate the strong superiority of state-of-the-art reinforcement learning approaches over pathfinding with state-of-the-art behavior prediction techniques.
Inconsistency of business processes can affect company profits and lead to the loss of regular customers and reputation in the market. Well managed business process has one key distinctive feature – a consistency. Checking the consistency of business process helps to reveal hidden bugs in the process model, but requires considerable labor costs and analytics. We compared two approaches to verifying consistency. The first approach is based on generating object life cycles for each object type used in process and supported by special tool as an extension for IBM WebSphere Business Modeler. Another one is a proposition to use DEMO methodology for verifying consistency. The results of research show that DEMO methodology enables significantly reduce labor costs and improve quality of analyze
This article is devoted to the comparative study of the prosody of the early Dutch, German and Russian iambic tetrameter.
In recent years more and more participants of the retail segment of the banking sector of Russia are launching platform-based value chains along with traditional linear value chains. As a result, business organizations are transforming into a complex system within which customers, banks and retail chains enter into business relations with each other as well as the platform itself, the owner of which is one of the participants of this interaction. A new kind of value exchange is the result of this which has become possible due to the existence of the platform. Platforms complement and compete with linear value chains in order to attract customers. In this article a comparison of these two types of value chains is presented using the example of purchasing goods by installments in Russia, their peculiar workings are also distinguished.
There are many applications where the comparison of histograms (discrete random variables, fuzzy set on discrete universal set) is required with the help of relationship of type ”more-less”. There are many approaches to solving this problem. The relations between some popular stochastic and fuzzy orderings are investigated in the article. The simple formulas for calculating the number of comparisons obtained, as well as established relationships between the various comparisons. The new approach for comparison of histogram is proposed in this paper too. This approach is based on the calculation of minimum directional transform of one histogram in another histogram.