TID response of 45nm high-k bulk and SOI MOSFETs was of simulated. The set of new physical semi-empirical models accounting for TID dependences trap densities, carrier mobilities, carrier lifetime was developed and introduced into TCAD. Acceptable agreement between simulated results and experimental data was achieved.
This paper desribes the history of a laser gyro, which originated from one of the fundamental physics area - optics of moving media, and in particular the Sagnac effect. The development of the ring laser gyro construction concepts from its first samples of minimal configuration to multi-frequency Zeeman modifications with nonplanar resonators is observed.The general trends in the inertial sensors market are presented.
The history and background of the laser gyro are considered. The main position of the laser gyros at the navigation market is shown.
The chapter analyzes the influence of K. Marx's "Capital" on reformist Populism, legal Marxism and Katheder-sozialismus in Russia. Special attention is paid to heated discussions about the stages of Russia's economic development in comparison with Western Europe.