Исследование внешних эффектов регионального развития в РФ
The article addresses the implications and preconditions for designing innovation policy for regions. Specifically the text shows the role and place of innovations in official socio-economic forecasts of Saint Petersburg and assesses the impact of clusters on enhancing competitiveness of the region.
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Film industry as a creative industry influences the socio-economic development of territories both directly and indirectly. Cinema-induced tourism inspired by popular movies is an example of such informational effect of the industry. It was studied basing on 410 Russian movies released from 2000 to mid-2017 which were selected from the Kinopoisk and IMDb lists. Thematic tours was organized after the movies «Vysotsky: Thank God I’m alive», «The geographer drank his globe away» and «Piter FM». Scenery constructed for the movies «Zapiski ekspeditora Taynoy kancelyarii» and «The Horde» became tourist objects. The rise of tourist interest and place recognition of the corresponding regions was caused by the films «Fortress of War», «Leviathan» and «Territory».
Оn the one hand, author studied what strategies and incentives (financial, institutional, etc.) choose administrations of various regions in the different countries to draw attention of national and international producers of cinema. And, on the other hand, what benefits receive these regions, being chosen for production by cinema (tourist destinations promotion, jobs creation, apperance of infrastructure facilities, etc.). Examples varies from Northern Ireland in Great Britain to The Basque Country and the Canary Islands in Spain and Primorye and the Kaliningrad region in Russia.
The paper discusses problems of regional economy regulation. It exposes the experience of different countries regional development institutions. Moreover, it displays the efficacy assesment of economic policy applied at the level of macroregions. The tools required to pursue the regional macropolicy and to regulate it in terms of economy are investigated.
Cities have a crucial role in the development of regions through the development of innovation. When considering the old industrial cities there is a contradiction. On the one hand, this is the need for innovative cities developing as the main drivers of regional development, on the other - the old-industrial nature of the “core” of a given region. This allows us to formulate a hypothesis: the development of old industrial regions will be associated with maintaining current trends without prioritizing sustainable spatial development, as old industrial centers will not be able to ensure the involvement of these regions in economic growth.