The Diagnostic Technique of Activity, Action and Deed Reflection
The reflection diagnostic technique is based on long-term fundamental theoretical and methodological researches of Russian psychologists. A new approach to reflection diagnostics is focused on the study of reflexivity mechanisms within the structure of activity. The reflection is considered as the process of person’s consciousness of the means and ways of his/her activity, and of the causes of its successes or failures. By reflection it becomes possible to reproduce past experience, to get the experience and to turn it into the way to act in problem situation.
The assessment of the reflexivity mechanisms quality in activity processes enables to understand the activity as it is processing, to enhance its productivity, to minimize expenditure of time and efforts in life and professional task solving. The technic is based on ideas of subject-activity approach developed by such Russian psychologists as Rubinstein S.L., Abulkhanova K.A. and Brushlinsky V.A., and the psychological model of functional activity system developed by Shadrikov V.D. In keeping with this model the following indices of reflection have been identified:
- degree of basic need and motive of activity, action and deed awareness (the awareness of what is person actually wants);
- character of activity, action and deed goal (the presence of clear image of expected result);
- assessment of extrinsic and intrinsic motive of activity, action and deed;
- decision-making in activity, action and deed preformation;
- program (plan) of activity, action and deed;
- fulfillment of activity, action and deed;
- assessment of activity, action and deed progress results;
- qualitative and quantitative descriptions of achieved final result.
The reflection diagnostic technique is a questionnaire that consists of 56 closed questions. The questions are structured according to sequentially solved tasks of activity. The in-depth analysis is implemented by series of open questions. The technic is oriented to adult from 16 to 65 years old.