Трансцендентальные модальности и недостижимые миры
J. Hintikka pins his hopes on overcoming the problem of impossibility of the alethic modal logic with the dilemma of standard and non-standard semantics of possible worlds. The first one is focused on the logically possible worlds while the second imposes restrictions on the accessibility relation between worlds without any informal background. Anyway, all the proposals by Hintikka and others are essentially based on the considerations concerned with the individuals’ domains of possible worlds. In the paper another approach is vindicated being handled principally with the propositional modal logic and observations are mainly based on the properties of an accessibility relation. The conception of relative alethic modal logic is developed and the notion of transcendent and transcendental modalities as taking the proper account of our conceptual system settings (according Hintikka’s prompt) is analyzed. The semantic characterization of those modalities is essentially based on the consideration of non-accessible possible worlds and their relationship.