Проблема реформы Палаты лордов в период борьбы за «народный» бюджет 1909 г.
Legislators are entrusted with key parliamentary functions and are important figures in the decision-making process. Their behaviour as political elites is as much responsible for the failures and successes of the new democracies as their institutional designs and constitutional reforms.
This book provides a comparative examination of representative elites and their role in democratic development in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that as the drivers of the transformation process in CEE, individual and collective parliamentary actors matter. The authors provide an in-depth analysis of representatives from eleven national parliaments and explore country-specific features of recruitment and representation. They draw on an integrated dataset of parliamentary elites for individual, party family, and parliamentary variables over the 20 years following the collapse of Communism and develop a common framework for the analysis of variations in democratisation and political professionalisation between parliaments and political parties/party families across CEE.
This unique volume will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, elite research, post-communist politics, democratisation, legislative studies, and parliamentary representation.
Issues of modern constitutional law of Russia revealed in the fourth edition to incorporate the latest provisions of the science and recent changes to the Russian Constitution and Federal legislation. The authors present the basic theory, basic concepts, institutions of constitutional law of Russia. The textbook is easy to read and clear thanks to the original method of selection of examples of judicial practice, perspectives, foreign experience in the form of separate headings. The user can differentiated approach to the volume of the studied material. The textbook meets the current requirements of the Federal educational standard of higher education and is designed for use in teaching such subjects as constitutional law. The edition is addressed to students, postgraduates and teachers of law universities and faculties, and may be of interest to political scientists, economists, specialists in the sphere of state and municipal management
The attitude of the British main political parties to the need of modernization of the House of Lords in the 1910 's and 1920 's is explored in the article. The attempts to achieve crossparty consensus on this issue during the Lloyd George's coalition Government and the work of the Bryce Commission are analyzed. A completely new dimension in the process of the British House of Lords reformation in this period is viewed - the possible admission of women to the staff of its members.
The author analyzes the features of the Russian law school, in particular, considering the difference in the interpretation of the "rule of law" and "law-bound state" concepts , the differences in lawyers mentality and circumstances of the experts selection process in competent state bodies.
As an example of the interpretation differences the author provides a detailed analyzes of the Russian Constitutional Court decision on the constitutionality of the treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea on the adoption of the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation and the formation of new subjects within the latter.
The educational-methodical manual contains materials for lectures and 200 assignments on constitutional and legal regulation and functioning in modern conditions of the institution of the people's representation - the parliament, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, can be used in teaching such disciplines as: theory of state and law; constitutional (state) law; constitutional law of the Russian Federation; constitutional law of foreign countries; international public law; administrative law; municipal law, and also includes materials for a special lecture course “Constitutional and legal status of legislative bodies. Modern parliamentarism. Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. ” Tasks and questions to them are compiled on the materials of the Russian press. Addressed to undergraduate students, undergraduate students, undergraduates, teachers, practical workers, as well as all those who are interested in the issues of the institute of national representation, the activities of the parliaments of the world countries, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, including in the context of inter-parliamentary cooperation, parliamentary diplomacy.
The article deals with three constitutional projects of Francisco de Miranda, distinguished Venezuelan. It is devoted to analyzes of the characteristics of the project of 1798, based on the experience of British constitutional law and public law of Ancient Rome. Special attention is focused on provisions of the projects of 1801 and 1808: on temporary public power during the war of colonies for independence from Spain and on federal government after the liberation. F.Miranda used for these projects a constitutional experience of many countries. One of the sources of his intellectual reflection was the constitution of Ancient Rome, the most important elements of which were people`s assembleis and magistracy. These institutes were adopted by F.Miranda and creatively impleamented according to specific conditions of Ibero-America.
In the article are : the social bases of power as a nation, the nation, the elite, the elemental forces of the political market. It is noted that the idealistic view on social grounds authorities do not correspond to modern realities. Long enough described expenses provisions on the management Board of the nation. It is proposed to consider the rationalist approach in the determination of the constitutions of the social bases of power. The examples of the constitutions of a number of foreign States, in which the provisions of popular sovereignty is not understood completely. Russia proposes changing approaches to understanding the essence of popular sovereignty and representative government.
UK corporate tax reform, corporate tax in Russia and tax relief system were considered and described in the article. Also it was made an attempt to apply UK experience of innovative activity encouragement through corporate tax regulation to Russian economy.