О культурной самоидентификации как основе воспитания патриотизма
In the center of analysis - specific of youth perception of Russian history and it's place in the constructed patriotic images. Attention is paid to assessments of concrete historical events and personalities, also the article shows an ambiguous effect on the patriotic feelings of youth. It is studies the efficiency of its patriotic education, based on appeal to the facts of history.
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The author argues that the return of Crimea to Russia, events in and around Ukraine, and associated tendencies in Russian domestic politics have created a new reality for Russian society. Many liberals consider declining Russian influence in the world a necessary condition of internal liberalization, while many of those who favor an independent role for Russia in the world and the strengthening of its influence are proponents of an authoritarian or even Stalinist internal regime. As a result, Russians face the unpalatable choice between a democratic Russia that has been reduced to a junior partner of the West and a strong Russia with a dictatorial nationalist regime that is a threat to all its neighbors. The author proposes a third option that would meet the aspirations of the majority by combining a normal moderate patriotism with an equally moderate liberalism. Keywords: Chaos, Crimea, democracy, liberalism, patriotism, Russia, Ukraine
In article on the basis of two Central documents from Russian archives (State archive of the Russian Federation and the Russian state archive of socio-political history) reconstructed "propaganda twist" at the final stage of the great Patriotic war. Turning point scale using the new concept of "Soviet patriotism" can be considered speech And. Century of Stalin at the ceremonial meeting of the Moscow Soviet of working people's deputies from the party and public organizations of the city of Moscow on 6 November 1944 But by the end of this process you can read the April 1946, ending a protracted period of realignment of military propaganda. The conclusion is made that the Historical examples of patriotism and observationsby discourse military pores were less applicable in terms of the unfolding of the cold war and stands Soviet institutions and advantages of socialism" in Eastern Europe.
Article is dedicated to the problem of the formation of Lev Tolstoy's world views and evolution of his views on the violence and the war. There is shown Tolstoy's way from the patriotic directivity to the substantiation of idea nonviolence and the nonresistance to evil by force.