Проблемы кризисных моногородов и основные направления реабилитации экономической базы городских образований
The article provides a brief overview of the problems of single-industry towns as the most vulnerable ones due to their one-sided development exacerbated by the financial crisis. The description of information support as the part of a comprehensive investment plan to modernize single-industry towns suggests ways of providing information to monitor its implementation.
Large-scale financial crisis, which led to a partial or absolute suspension of the core enterprises in 2008-2009 . Violated livelihoods set towns, of which 24% is concentrated in the country's urban population . Taking into account the importance of this problem , it should be noted that the toolkit , as well as strategies and tactics of its decisions do not have sufficient economic justification. In addressing monocities closely interrelated aspects such as social policy , the prospects for development of small towns , the social responsibility of business , diversification of the economy and innovation. In the single-industry cities, which account for 14 % of total urban population of some 35 million people . According to the Institute for Regional Development 500 monotowns support required , and there are cities that are not formally come under the status of " towns" , but are in the same risk. More and more researchers devote their work problems of development company towns not solely from an economic point of view, but from a social and environmental . Need to address the development of single-industry towns in Russia is due to the following reasons : a significant proportion of company towns are not in a state of crisis (not fit the definition ); in mono , in critical condition , an increase the number of social problems; improving the quality of life in mono depends on optimizing the allocation of productive forces in Russia , the socio- economic development of its subjects. A sectoral specialization of cities had and continues to have a significant influence on the development of the world economy . Analyzing the experience of other countries , you will notice that provided a consistent and comprehensive program of action to modernize monocities possible for several years to make a breakthrough .
This chaper refers to the problem of low productivity and weak competitive stand of plants located in small and particulalry small specialized towns as compared to firms in bigger and more diversified locations. The findingds imply that the urban size and density of economic space, as well as its excessive sectoral specialization significantly reduce the firm competitiveness. Yet, the sectoral structure matters: textile and garmet plants in small towms are most vulnerable. Minimal diversification of economic structure and sufficient scale economy at the plant level allow to reduce the negative effects of the urban size.