This article attempts to show the relevance of broadening of the restorative justice application in Russia as one of the criminal policy directions. In the introduction criteria of measuring of the restorative programmes efficiency are indicated, exisiting studies in this sphere are provided. Then, the documents where one can find the suggestions on the criminal policy development both of the academia and of the professional society are analysed. The author highlights key criminal policy directions that reflect modern problems of criminal law and justice and pays attention to possible positive effects of the restorative programmes application. The author makes the following thesis: despite the fact that combating crime that is usually declared as an objective criminal policy is not an aim of restorative justice, the broadening of the restorative justice application could become one of the criminal policy vectors in Russia.
The article analyzes the reasons for the adoption of the new Recommendation of the Council of Europe of 03 October 2018 on restorative justice in criminal matters. The article is based on the studies of the European Forum for Restorative Justice as well as of the European Commission for Efficiency of Justice of the Council of Europe. The author also comments on the observations made by the Russian delegation during the preparation of the Recommendation.