Роль религиозной идентичности в представлениях о деньгах у московской молодежи: межконфессиональный анализ
Business Issues is a new Businss English course which helps students get ahead fast with skills and business vocabulary, it also gives students grammar practice in business contexts.
Using a recent representative survey and supplemental interviews, we investigate household money management and domestic power dynamics in contemporary Russian two-partner families. During the Soviet period, it was women who typically managed household money. Today, while 45.6% of contemporary Russian two-partner households pool money and manage it jointly, and in about a quarter of families women are in charge, families with men in control of domestic money are on the rise among more affluent spouses who have been married for less than 20 years. While previous work finds evidence for the feminization of poverty in the postcommunist region, we underscore the otherwise hidden aspects of inequality—gendered access to household money among the relative “winners” of the transition: Younger and more affluent families. We place these changes in the context of neoliberal market reforms, including labor market and welfare policy changes and the rise of neoconservative gender ideology.
The author studies the Old Russian monetary unit grivna. He concludes that it was an abstract scaling term which was used to count and convert the different types of payment means known in pre-Mongol Rus' - metals (silver and gold), furs and wiped furs (skns).
With the vow of non-possession being an essential concept in Russian monasticism, real monastic practices of the 17th-century Muscowy, as we can perceive relying on preserved documents, demonstrated certain negligence of the vow. Large monasteries acted as corporations that produced goods and traded them to cover living expenses. Although, in theory a monetary profit was not the goal, certain monasteries would often not only trade, but lend out money, sometimes even with interest. By the 2nd half of the 17th century in Muscowy, there existed not only monastic communities, but also independent monks only formally affiliated with some Moscow monastery. As a rule, they were natives of the South-Western regions of Russia (modern territories of Belorussia and Ukraine). In general, they were educated in Poland or in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, took their vows in home monasteries and then moved to Moscow in search of a better life or due Monks and money in the early modern Muscowy to war or social instability in homeland. They would enjoy greater mobility and freedom in their activities than a common monk would – they were employed at the Tzar’s court, interacted with boyars and church leaders. One of the most well-known monks of the type was the first Muscowy court poet and preacher Simeon Polotsky (1629-1680). His manifold background and experiences, as well as his preserved archives, inspired me to look into his financial situation: ways in which he earned and accumulated money, expenditures he may have faced during his life in a Moscow monastery and his service at Tzar’s court, currency of his savings. I will address in detail Simeon’s last will – a unique document, providing an extensive data on the financial sphere of Simeon’s life. The study is meant to be comparative, thus giving a general perspective on Simeon’s place in the economic structure of the Muscowy Tzar court and Moscow monastic and clerical communities.
A bulk of literature on processes related to a triad of “money — power — inequality” highlight power as a main driver. Given the cause-and-effect relations, this fact can be considered as logical and reasonable. If research of the mentioned processes deals with the family (household) as an actor, it appears to be enriched (more complicated). As households often consist of men and women, biological sex and culturally constructed gender should be taken into account. Most researchers focusing on gender issues agree that gender relationships imply power relations. What is a peculiarity of family power relations and how are they related to money management? This article aims to depict main perspectives related to conceptualization of the indicated notions as well as empirical operationalization partially. The first part of this article reviews power patterns developed by S. Lukes, M. Foucault, P. Bourdieu and discusses issues related to definitions of “financial power” and ways of its operationalization if it is applied for family relationships. The second part deals with economic and sociological concepts which reveal and explain determinants of power relationships. The third part analyses currently ongoing changes in the gender order and their potential effects on the structure of power functions in the family.
In the real world both money and power turn out to be manifestations of a broader phenomenon – might, and are related to each other.
Cross-cultural research is crucially important in the modern globalized world where diﬀerent cultural notions clash and interact. Tis article sheds light on the notions “money” and “house”, which represent attitudes to property, in the perception of Russians and the Japanese. Te research method is an association experiment that allows to explain the grounds for mutual understanding or possible misunderstanding in the instances of interethnic contacts. Analysis of association felds formed on the basis of two Russian and one Japanese sampling shows that modern Japanese tend to perceive money as benefcial, while modern Russians tend to perceive it as something evil and related to governance. 21st-century Japanese respondents and 21st-century Russian respondents proved to be more work-oriented than their early 1990s Russian counterparts. Regardless of cultural diﬀerences, both Russians and the Japanese admitted their need of money as an indispensable element of modern life. A house is understood in both cultures as a place to live in, but 1990s Russians found it less cozy and comfortable than 21st-century Russians and the Japanese.
Desde la perspectiva de la autora del presente estudio, esta última visión explica las recurrentes y cada vez más profundas crisis financieras del último tercio de siglo XX —especialmente la gran debacle económica de 2008—, que los gobiernos han enfrentado con políticas económicas erróneas porque, sin tener en cuenta la génesis de estos fenómenos, en lugar de generar crecimiento económico han priorizado el “rescate” de las instituciones financieras.