The comparison of the Kaluga and Nizhny Novgorod provinces shows that cluster formation represents a technological instrument of federal policy toward regions. To a degree it is a return to the economic branch approach at the new stage of growth. In the framework of cluster development regulation most Russian regions face the task of remaining within a cluster because it guarantees federal support.
In this paper, we consider the following problem - what affects the amount of investment in knowledge when one of the network firms enters another innovation network. The solution of this problem will allow us to understand exactly how innovative companies will behave when deciding whether to enter the innovation network of another country or region, what conditions affect it and how the level of future investments in knowledge can be predicted.
In the present paper we consider the infl uence of limited time resources on the planning of territories. By specifi c example of one of the districts of Nizhniy Novgorod region it is shown how the limitations of political and economic factors change the trajectory of territorial development.