The article is focused on the problem of correlation of self-determination and identity. Modern models of self-determination and identity, their structure, kinds and classifications are described in detail. The author's model of identity dynamics on the basis of such mechanisms as identification, interoirizations and self-determination is offered.
The author’s views on the essence of educational objectives and outcomes, on their interrelation in the area of general education, on specifics of pedagogical goal-setting, on the structure of the hierarchical system of educational objectives have been forming throughout almost 60 years of professional educational work. He represents common objectives of school education as a three-level system: development of the ability to choose some lifestyle that is appropriate to the current society development trends; shaping the experience of solving cognitive, communicative and other problems relevant to students without assistance; learning of work methods that are applicable to school practice and beyond it.
The paper describes the study design, aimed at creating a full generalized orientational basis of action for problem situation analysis and its further transformation to task. Substantiates the approach to build a universal analysis model to analyze wide range of problem situations, regardless of context and subject fields. There described a problem situation analysis model used as bases for developing full generalized orientational basis of action for problem situation transformation to task, regardless of context and substantive content of the original problem.