This article is an attempt to systematically present the results of a cognitive semantic analysis of lexemes denoting a human being. The study of the semantic structure of the words human being, man, person, personality and individual makes it possible to reconstruct the conceptual area «Homo sapiens», identify its main components and build a model reflecting a fragment of language-specific world-view, thus revealing the way human qualities are construed by English speakers
«Bankruptcy» Concept Within the Legal Linguistics Coordinates: Russian–English–French Approximations
The article addresses the notion of bankruptcy as perceived by speakers of current Russian, English and French languages both lawyers and participants in professional communication from other trades. Semantic structure of the term is identified based on its lexicographic and regulatory definitions.
The paper deals with comparative analysis of two groups of polysemantic words in Russian and in English proving the idea of relativity of the structural scheme of the polysemantic word. The specificity of the lingual unit is always relative and depends on the background against which the comparison is performed.