НОВООБРАЗОВАНИЯ КАК СРЕДСТВО ФОРМИРОВАНИЯ ИРОНИИ В ЗАГОЛОВКАХ ТЕКСТОВ ИНТЕРНЕТ-СМИ
The article considers word-formation means of forming irony in media discourse on the example of neologisms. The aim of the study is to identify word-formation markers of ironic strategies in the headlines of online media texts. The research material was the contexts of using neologisms of usual and non- usual ways of word-formation in electronic media, and the main attribute of irony in these contexts is the discrepancy between the implicit and explicit evaluative plans: the negative assessment is not explicitly expressed, there are no negatively marked elements in the statement, but they are implicitly taken out of the context.
This work is dedicated to an attempt to answer the question, what for irony is needed. Usually it is considered to be just a literary device or a special way of conversation. However as any other source of language it has its grounds in the intention of the author and compared to this intention form, with the help of which irony effects its object. Is this way of effect interesting to philosophy – this is the question to answer. For this aim it will be useful to define the concept of irony. At first I will propone the two opposite point of view on irony, which were offered by Friedrich Schlegel and Hegel. Both these thinkers discern in irony a philosophical concept, although each in his way. Schlegel considered the nature of irony in its ability to show imperfection of all possible ways of expression infinite content. For Schlegel such vision meant a possibility to approach closer to this content. On the contrary Hegel saw in this effect of irony an origin of lightweight attitude to this content. What is the reason of such opposite interpretations of irony? Is this not irony itself? This is to be found out. In the end I will try to propose a new concept of irony and make some conclusions about it.
The article aims to understand the phenomenon of perhaps the most provocative satirical newspaper in France - Charlie Hebdo. Politics and policymakers are the principal objects of ridicule in the cartoons, comic strips and editorials created by the journalists and artists at Charlie, the weekly newspaper evidently an organ of satirical comment. The article analyses verbal methods which Charlie uses to maintain its provocative satirical edge.
Macedonian possesses a rich system of affixes, some of them are considered to be completely synonymous. This is the case for diminutive suffixes serving to build diminutives from feminine nouns: there are four suffixes, three of them are of protoslavonic origin (namely, suffixes -ka, -ca, -ica) and one - -ichka - is considered to be of a more recent descent. As those suffixes have virtually the same range of meanings, a question arises as to their rivalry. Our research revealed that not all of the suffixes in question have the potential to combine with all the stem types. Their combinability is restrained by their morphonological properties and these constraints form a system of suffixal distribution. Having studied a corpus of over 500 diminutives, we came to the conclusion that suffix -ka primarily serves as a substitute suffix in the cases where other suffixes cannot combine, suffix -ca can solely combine with a single stem type (stems of feminine nouns ending with a consonant, former i-stems), and suffixes -ichka and -ica, possessing similar properties, are engaged in a rivalry which apparently is settled in favour of the former.
In this paper, we present a study of neologisms and loan words frequently occurring in Facebook user posts. We have collected a dataset of over 573 million posts written during 2006–2013 by Russian-speaking Facebook users. From these, we have built a vocabulary of most frequent lemmatized words missing from the Opencorpora dictionary (http://opencorpora.org/dict.php) the assumption being that many such words have entered common use only recently. This assumption is certainly not true for all the words extracted in this way; for that reason, we manually filtered the automatically obtained list in order to exclude non-Russian or incorrectly lemmatized words, as well as words recorded by other dictionaries or those occurring in pre-2000 texts from the Russian National Corpus (http://www.ruscorpora.ru). The result is a list of 168 words that can potentially be considered neologisms.
We present an attempt at an etymological classification of these neologisms (unsurprisingly, most of them have recently been borrowed from English, but there are also quite a few new words composed of previously borrowed stems) and identify various derivational patterns. We also classify words into several large thematic areas, “internet”, “marketing”, and “multimedia” being among those with the largest number of words.
We consider our results preliminary, but believe that, together with the word base collected in the process, they can serve as a starting point in further studies of neologisms and lexical processes that lead to their acceptance into the mainstream language.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.