Digital Swords Versus Digital Shields in Cartel Enforcement: Insights from Russian Experience in Electronic Procurements
Competition authorities around the world are trying to adjust antitrust enforcement to the new reality. Digitalization is of great interest to the Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Russian Federation (FAS Russia) and drives its practice and potential legislative initiatives. In this chapter, we analyze the enforcement practice with regards to one of the hot topics in the competition law and policy domain—the unsettled relations between algorithms and collusive market behavior. We try to look at this topic from both competition authorities and companies’ perspectives. While self-learning digital cartels are still a matter for the future, we focus on the current state of digital technologies’ application in facilitating bid-rigging and other forms of collusion.