Голосование в Палате лордов по законопроекту о выходе Британии из ЕС
The article is devoted to the analysis of the consequences of the referendum on the UK’s membership in the European Union. The causes that contributed to the radical transformation of political processes and crisis phenomena in the framework of European integration processes are revealed. It is noted that the crisis of the British model of democracy and the rise of “monitoring democracy”, as well as the constitutional reforms in the UK, which were not brought to a logical conclusion, influenced the effectiveness of political institutions. The range of new complex issues of constitutional, legal, financial, economic, social and humanitarian nature that need to be addressed in the context of brexit is determined. The features of the development and implementation of the strategies of the United Kingdom and the European Union on the negotiation process are considered. The most important stages of negotiations on the problem of developing an agreement defining the conditions and principles of relations between the parties in the post-brexit period are studied. Particular attention is paid to the key controversial issues - the implementation of the financial obligations of the United Kingdom to the EU, guarantees the rights of EU citizens and their families living in the UK, as well as the preservation of the free movement of people, goods, services and capital between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. The author analyzes internal and external factors that have a direct impact on the course of the dialogue, arguments and counter- arguments of the parties, the reasons for the change in the positions of the United Kingdom and EU leaders on key issues of cooperation in the new historical conditions. There is a deep split between British society and the main political forces of the country on the issue of withdrawal from the EU. The factors that led the UK to a serious political crisis and the inability to develop an adequate and effective brexit strategy are considered. KEY WORDS:
The article examines the current state of the European security system after the «critical» 2014, when the post-bipolar system (1991-2014) eroded as a result of external and internal challenges. However, the development of its own security and defense policy is seen as a key integration direction for turning the EU into a large, authoritative and capable player in the international arena. Despite the new crisis, the EU is increasing its internal resources and is trying to overcome existing dysfunctions.
This article provides the thesis that at the present stage of the development of the world order, all the constituent elements of the post-bipolar European collective security system have undergone a serious test. This is largely due to the accumulation of a certain amount of "dysfunctions" and "damage" within the post-bipolar safety system itself.