«Участники вечного света». Об одном недостающем звене в иконографии Первого дня Творения
Western-christian iconography of The Creation in XI–XIII centuries offers many possibilities to follow the logic of the feedback of several early-christian traditions as part of one composition and in more details. In the example of the connection of roman-type artifacts (frescoes and miniatures from Rome and Latium) with the tradition of Cotton Genesis we can see a process of “emancipation” of a separate element, its transferring into a non-native setup and giving to it a new implication. This is about the pictures of angels laying ahead the Creator, which are replacing or duplicating the personifications of Light and Darkness in the miniatures of roman “atlantic” bibles. Thanks for a recent discovery of the VIII century langobardian school frescoes in the “Crypt of the Fall” near Matera, we can suppose, that by that time the angels-days personifications in Cottons composition could act as the Light personifications in the scene of First Day of Creation. This gives us an opportunity of iconographic explaining of a next century appearance of the orant angels in Creation of Adam in the bibles of Tours miniatures, and also allows the iconographic connection of various poses and gestures of angels laying ahead the Creator in the miniatures of Creation in “atlantic” bibles with angels-days of Cottons tradition.